A CHRONICLE OF IMPORTANT EVENTS IN POLITICAL HISTORY OF STATE OF JAMMU & KASHMIR*
|1827||A fierce battle was fought near Uri between Muslims and Sikhs, Muslims were defeated. Among the prisoners taken were Sardar Ghulam Ali Khan (the Khakha chief) and Raja Sarfraz Khan (Raja of Uri). Sometimes later Sardar Ghulam Ali Khan was butchered to death by Hari Singh Nalva in Shergarhi while the Raja of Uri was sent to Lahore where he remained intended for several years.
(Saraf,Muhammad Yusuf.Kashmir Fight-For Freedom,Vol.I,(Lahore :Ferozsons Ltd,1977).
|1827||Zabardast Khan, who had succeeded his father Hassan Ali Khan as the sultan of Muzaffarabad, collected a sizeable force and declared his independence. He eliminated Sikhs garrisons at Baramula , Handwara and in certain parts of Hazara adjoining Muzaffarabad.
Saraf,Muhammad Yusuf.Kashmir Fight-For Freedom,Vol.I,(Lahore :Ferozsons Ltd,1977).
|1832||In 1832 there was a rebellion in Punch by the local tribes and Ghulab Singh was sent to deal with it. This rebellion was headed by Sardar Shamas Khan and two of his close accomplices Sardar Sabaz Ali Khan and Sardar Mali Khan. Gulab Singh first marched to Pindi Jhelum and then entered Punch. His other camps were established at the village of Mang and Bagh. He flayed alive Malli and Sabz Ali and stuffed their skins with straw at Mang. Even innocent young children he flayed alive.
Sardar Shamas Khan with his nephew Rajwali was killed by Ottam Singh. Their heads were later exhibited in two iron cages at the top of the Adha Dek pass above Punch where they remained for several years afterwards.
|March 16, 1846||Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) State is created under the Treaty of Amritsar between the East India company and Raja Gulab Singh of Jammu who buys Kashmir Valley from the East India Company for Rs. 75, 00,000 / Nanak Shahi (The currency of that time) and adds it to Jammu and Ladakh already under his rule.|
|1867||A grave epidemic broken out in the valley resulting in the death of thousands of people.|
|1891||Dogra forces were succeeded to get the control of Gilgit, after the 45 years long resistance from local people.|
|December31, 1892||Dogra Government had issued a decree, which said that any person abjuring the religion of his forefathers was to be deprived of inheritance of the property of his father|
|July 21, 1924.||“Resham Khana” (Silk factory) was an industrial unit in the Srinagar having 5000 workers. The workers protested against low wages given to them out of which corrupt Hindu officers took a substantial scheme of their bribe. This uprising was crushed by Dogra Cavalry, who killed Muslims with both bayonets and bullets, trampling upon their dead bodies, to have the satisfaction of complete job. Police had arrested 21 leading workers. This was first public awakening.|
|April 29, 1931.||A police official Stops the Khutba or sermon at a congregational religious service of Muslims in Jammu on the ground that it aloud with the Quranic passage about Moses and the Pharaoh and thus indirectly advocates seditions. Protest by worshipers in Jammu was led by Ch.Ghulam Abbas. Expressions of vehement disapproval of police action in Srinagar and major towns.|
|June 04, 1931.||Police constable Fazal Dad was reciting a part of Holy Quran (Punj Surha), was accosted by the head warder of central jail Jammu for being late to attend his duties. The constable put away the holy book under his pillow and rolled his bedding. Labu Ram sub inspector who was accompanying the warder threw away his bedding. The Muslim constable protested that this was deliberate desecration of the Holy Book “Quran”. The sub inspector was devilish enough to kick it.|
|June 20,1931||Leaves of the Holy Quran were found in public latrine in Srinagar.|
|June 21,1931||A public meeting convened on 21st June 1931 in the compound of Khanqa-i- Mulla to choose the representatives of Kashmiri Muslims. Seven representatives were elected, Khwaja Said-ud-Din Shawl, Mir Waiz Yousuf Shah, Mir Waiz Hamdani, Agha Syed Hussain Shah jalini,Khwaja Ghulam Ahmed Ashai,Sheikh Muhammad Abdullah & Munshi Shahb-ud –Deen. At the end of the meeting Abdul Qadeer delivered a speech against the ruler Maharaja.|
|June 25,1931||Abdul Qadeer was arrested for this speech.|
|On July 13, 1931, a large number of Kashmiris gathered in front of the Srinagar central jail, at a time when the trial of a youth Abdul Qadeer accused of involvement in a case of agitation, was in progress inside the jail. The aim was to show solidarity with the young man. As the time for obligatory prayer approached a young Kashmiri stood for Azan (Call for the prayer) and the Dogra police opened fire on him, and he got martyred. Thereby, another youth took the place of the martyred young man and started the Azan. He too was shot dead. In this way 22 Kashmiris embraced martyrdom in their efforts to complete the Azan.|
|July 27,1931||The Muslim women took out procession in Srinagar, participated by about 5000, carrying black flags. It was Lathi charged; 10 women received injuries.|
|August 18-19,1931||In Jammu, Mr.A .R Saghar and Sheikh Ghulam Qadir were arrested on 18 August. Next day Chaudary Nwab Khan, father of Chaudary Ghulam Abbas and Chaudary Hakim Den father of Allah Rakha Saghar were also taken into custody.|
|September 22,1931||People gatherd in the Jamia Masjid Srinagar and came out in procession. The army fired certain rounds on peaceful procession. Three People Naisr-ud-Din of Chakral Muhalla, Ghulam Rasool Kakroo of Chinar agh and Assadullah Gilkar of Nar Paristan embraced martyrdom and more than dozen were injured.|
|September 23,1931||The Muslims of Islamabad observed complete strike on 23rd September. A huge procession was taken out which were demanding the release of Shiekh Abdullah and support of their demands. Army fired on the mob. 25 Muslims, including a child aged 13 years, lay dead on the spot and about 150 were wounded.|
|September 24,1931||Thousands of Kashmir People marched and demonstrated against the Dogra Rulers with their weapons in the streets of Srinagar peacefully.|
|September 24,1931||Ordinance No.19-L of 1988 was promulgated. The city was handed over to the military control and the civil administration was suspended.|
|September 1931||Hindu students of local high school of Muzaffarabad took out a procession raising anti Muslim and pro-Mahraja slogans. This was presented to by the Muslim students, resulting in mutual clash. The Government sent Salam Shah from Srinagar, who ordered the arrest of two dozen Muslims including, Master Abdul Aziz, Khwaja Fateh Joo, Pir Hasam-ud-Deen Gillani, Khwaja Abdul Qadir, Chaduary Wali Joo, Faqeer Joo Kada and Peer Qalandar Shah. They were removed to Srinagar, summary tried and sentenced to various terms of imprisonment.|
|January 11,1932||No Tax Campaign was launched in Mirpur district. Ghazi Elhi Buksh and Haji Wahab Deen addressed on a funeral prayer of Gulab Deen Shaheed at Bahrmut Mirpur. Police arrested Mulvi Muhamamd Abdullah Siakhvi,Haji Wahahb Deen,Ghazi Elhai Buksh,Doctor Imam Deen Quershi,Haji Allah Buksh and Chaudry Sahab Deen.|
|January 1932||“No Tax Campaign” and processions against Dogra forces was started in Poonch,Rajuri,Kotli and Bhimber.Thakiala Parwa (Tehsil Mendhar) was declared as head quarter of this movement and Sardar Fateh Muhammad Kralvi was the leader. They have put on fire all custom posts .The ruler of Punch, Jugat Singh Dev had took refuge in fort.Sardar Feroz Khan ,father of Sardar Faeh Muhammad Krelvi and Sardar Mansoor Khan, Maternal Grandfather of Sardar Fateh Muhammad Kralvi was arrested and sentenced for 10 years. 80 other persons including sardar Hameed Ullah Khan and Ali Bahdar Khan were also arrested.|
|January 21,1932||In Rajuri a procession against the occupation of Dogra forces on Jama Masjid and Eid Gah, lead by Mirza Muhamamd Hussain Khan, Malik Niamt Ullah and Mirza Akrama Ullah was organized. The Dogra forces open fire on procession, resulting martyrdom of 25 Muslims.|
|February 05,1932||Police opened fire on a procession in Uri. Eleven people had embraced martyrdom ,they were Sardar Fateh Baig(Uri),Faqir Abbasi and Mir Ahmed Meer( Barian),Chaudary Ghulam Muhamamd(Gohalan),Niaz Ali (Dachi),Said Shah( Dahni Cholan),Jumma and Syed Hasan Shah (Cholan), Gama (Khalana),Rajwali (Kalki) and Ghulam Muhammad (Jabla).|
|February 1932.||Muslims had organized rallies and procession against the Uri incident. The Police had arrested Peer Hasam Deen Gillani,Mulana Ghazi Abdul Rehman, Master Abdul Aziz Quershi, Khwaja Fateh Joo, Faqeer Joo, Mulvi Abdul Ghafoor Quershi,Karm Ullah Quershi (Muzaffarabad city),Peer Qalandar Shah,Peer Abdullah Shah (Rwani),Sardar Ushar Singh ,Muhammad Zaman Abbasi (Gahri Dupppata), Rehman Shah ,Khwaja Abdul Ghani(Islamabad), Hakeem Muhamamd Ishaq (Rajkot) , Raja Bahdar Khan(Rara),Mulvi Khalil ur Rehman (Akhriala),Munshi Ghulam Hussain (Drang Chinnari), Muhamamd Akbar Khan (Khun Bandi) , Abdullah Mir(Saran), Munshi Abdul Aziz Khan (Nagni Chikar),Hayyat Ullah Mir (Bahgsar), Safdar Ali Khan( Dahni),Syed Ghulam Haider Shah (Gohalan), Syed Muhmmad Akbar Shah(Miani Bandi) and Molivi Muhmmad Saeed Masoodi.|
The Glancy Commission
|The Glancy Commission was appointed by the Maharaja under the chairmanship of Mr.Glancy. It had three official members and four un official members i.e Khwaja Ghulam Ahmed Ashai and Pandit Prem Nath Bazaz from valley and Chaudary Ghulam Abbas & Mr. Lok Nuth Sharma from Jammu. It has started its work in November 1931 and completed its report on 22 March 1932. The report was published a report in April 1932, confirming the existence of the grievances of the State’s subjects and suggests recommendations providing for adequate representation of Muslims in the State’s services; Maharaja accepts these recommendations on April 10,1932 but delays implementation|
|August 14,1932||All India Kashmir Committee announced 14th August 1932 to observe as “Kashmir Day”. Processions and meetings were organized in all over India. Resolutions were passed in favor of Kashmiri Muslims and it were signed among others by Allama Iqbal,H.S. Suhrawardy,Mulana Abu Zaffar Waji-ud-Din, Mulana Hasrat Mohani,Mian Jafar Shah and Shafat Ahmed Khan.|
|First political party of Kashmir “All Jammu & Kashmir Muslim Conference” was established in a meeting of prominent Muslim leaders of Kashmir in Pathar Masjid Srinagar. Sheikh Abdullah was elected as President and Chaduary Ghulam Abbas as Secretary General.|
|February 03,1934||Muslim of Pulwama. Held a meeting at Eidgah which was addressed by local leaders. The Tehsildar, as magistrate on duty ordered the troops to open fire which resulted in 12 deaths and more than three dozen injured.|
|February 10,1934||A meeting of working committee of All Jammu and Kashmir Muslim Conference was convened in Sialkot. It was convened outside the state to facilitate participation of exiled members. Chaudary Ghulam Abbas was designated as “dictator” (the term current at the time for leader) of the campaign. Abdullah distances himself from the gathering protest.|
|September 3,1934||State legislative assembly was established by the Maharaja. Muslims constituting 77 percent of the population were allotted 32 seats in a house of 75, out of which 21 are to be elected and 11 nominated by the Maharaja. Muslims Conference captured 19 seats.|
|October 1934||Chaudary Ghulam Abbas was elected President of the Muslim Conference. Hindu leaders were attending the annual convention as observers, Chaudary Ghulam Abbas appeals to non-Muslims “to join in the struggle for the emancipation of our country”. Muslims Conference members of the State Assembly (19 out of 21 elected members) resign in protest against the Assembly’s restricted powers.|
|May 1936||Muhammad Ali Jinnah visited Srinagar. Though the visit was private, both factions of the Muslims Conference, led by Sheikh Abdullah and Mirwaiz Yusuf Shah, invited him to address large public meetings organized in his honor. Jinnah counseld promotion of harmony between the Muslim majority and the Hindu minority|
|September 1937||Abdullah again elected Muslim Conference president urges “a common platform” of Muslims and non-Muslims and demands that State representative to the Indian federation (contemplated in the Government of India Act of 1935 before the formulation in 1940 by Jinnah of the demand for the establishment of a separate federation of Muslim majority states Pakistan) be chosen by the people and not nominated by the Maharaja.|
|May 31,1938||Elections of state assembly were held. Muslim Conference achieved nineteen out of twenty one seats|
|June 28,1938||In a meeting of working Committee of the Muslim Conference, a resolution for change in the name and constitution of the party was presented for voting. Abdul Majeed Quershi,Chaudary Abdullah Bahli,Master Abdul Aziz Muzaffarabadi,Qazi Abdul Ghani Dalna and Sufi Muhammad Akbar opposed the move. Chaudary Ghulam Abbas had resigned from working committee before meeting and Sardar Fateh Muhammad Kraelvi had not attended the meeting.Raja Muhamamd Akbar Khan was arrested on allegation of high treason on his speech in working committee for responsible Government and was sentenced for two years.|
|August 5,1938||The Responsible Government Day was observed. Processions were taken out, public meeting held and resolutions adopted repudiating the existing system of irresponsible Government and expressing full faith in the establishment of complete responsible Government.|
|June 11,1939||Special Muslims Conference session decided to convert party into National Conference. Chaudary Ghulam Abbas endorses the move on condition that, inter alia, (a) it will not mean affiliating with the Indian National Congress against the Muslim League; (b) non-Muslims will participate in the campaign for representative government; and (c) the Conference will continue to seek end of discrimination against Muslims. Some prominent Hindu leaders, including Prem Nath Bazaz, Join the National Conference but Hindu masses keep aloof.|
|September 7,1939||The Maharaja’s Prime Minister Gropalswamy Ayyangar- a Hindu bureaucrat from Madras- promulgates a constitution which provides for not only the Maharaja’s unrestricted veto over the legislative assembly’s enactments but also for any enactment by the Maharaja himself. Abdullah establishes an understanding with Ayyangar that, in return for refraining from any active campaign for responsible government, he will be supported in his fight against his political opponents, namely the former leaders of the Muslim Conference. On his advice, National Conference members abstain from the vote on the bill abolishing discrimination against Muslims in arms licenses. Abullah cultivates closer relations with Congress leaders, particularly Jawaharlal Nehru, criticizes the Muslim League but later disclaims the remarks.|
|1939||In Punch the Muslims were not happy with the polices of National Conference. They had established “Anjuman Azadi Poonch”. Molvi Ghulam Haider Jandalvi was the president and Munshi Gul Ahmed Khan was its Secretary.|
|1939||All India States Muslim League was established, Nwab Bahdr Yar Jang was elected as President. Branches of “All Jammu and Kashmir Muslim League” were established in Srinagar and Jammu. In Srinagar M.A.Aziz was President and M.A.Hafeez was General Secretary and in Jammu Syed Ghulam Haider Shah was President and Muhamamd Ishaq Quershi was General Secretary.|
|March 23, 1940||On the occasion of historical meeting of All India Muslim League, a special session of All India States Muslim League was held on same venue.M.A.Hafeez,Muhamamd Ismaeel Saghir, Peer Zia ud Deen Andrabi, Syed Hussan Shah Gardezi,Sardar Fateh Muhhamd Kralvi, Shieikh Abdul Rehman,Professor Ishaq,Munshi Gul Ahmed Khan, Professor M.A. Aziz and Molvi Ghulam Haider Jandalvi had attended this session of the All India Muslim League from State of Jammu & Kashmir. Molvi Ghulam Haider Jandalvi also addressed there. Professor Aziz was nominated a W.C. member of the All India States Muslim League.|
|May 30,1940||Jawaharlal Nehru visited Kashmir on 30 May 1940 and appeals to the Hindus to support the National Conference and its struggle for responsible government. Enthusiastic welcome accorded to Nehru by Abdullah and his followers is marred by hostile demonstrations by others. A handbill widely circulated by students ask ‘where were you, Mr. Nehru in 1931? You claim to be a Kashmiri; how come you have been silent all through our testing struggle?’|
|October 10,1940||12 political workers met in Srinagar and decided to revive the Muslim Conference. These were Sardar Gauhar Rehman (Jammu), Sardar Fateh Muhammmad Khan Kralvi M.L.A. (Poonch), Mirza Attullaha Khan, M.L.A.(Rajori), Qazi Abdul Ghani Delinah,M.L.A (Baramula), Pir Zia-ud-Din ,M.L.A(Badgam), Babu Muhmmad Abdullah , M.L.A (Jammu),ChaudaryAbdul Kareem,M.L.A. (Mirpur), Chaudary Hameed Ullha Khan, M.L.A (Jammu), Munshi Muhmmad Deen Fauq (Baramulha), Syed Hassan Shah Jalali(Srinagar), Khwaja Muhammad YousufQuershi(Srinagar), Mr.M.I.Saghar (Srinagar), Mr. Ghulam Haider Gauri (Jammu), Syed Mirak Shah (Srinagar).|
|January 26,1941||Chaudry Ghulam Abbas in a press statement announced the revival of All Jammu & Kashmir Muslim Conference.|
|February 05,1942||A special meeting was held at Jammu at the residence of Chaudary Ghulam Abbas .It was decided to convene a special session within two months to revive All Jammu & Kashmir Muslim Conference.|
|April 03,1941||A special meeting was held in the residence of Sardar Gohar Rehman Khan; presided by Chaudary Ghulam Abbas. The meeting formally announced the revival of All Jammu & Kashmir Muslim Conference.|
|April 17-19,1942||After revival of Muslim Conference, first annual session was held in Ghazi camp Jammu. Mulana Zafar Ali Khan editor Zimidar Lahore especially attended the session and presided the opening session. The conference has passed many important resolutions.|
|August 1942||Mirwaiz Mulan Yousuf Shah joined Muslim Conference.|
|September 19-21,1942||The first session of All Jammu and Kashmir Muslim Conference’s working committee was held after 1939.|
|1942||“Jamat-e- Islami” (JEI J&K) was established in 1942 by Pir Said-ud-din.|
|April 09,1943||Gopalaswamy Ayyangar, prime Minster since 1937, quits on 9 April 1943. ‘Deliverance Day’ was observed by dissident sections of the National Conference Bazaz, virtually co-founders with Abdullah, and also resigns, expressing disillusionment.|
|July 14,1943||Maharaja appointed a committee known as “The Royal Commission of Inquiry”. Which was headed by chief justice Ganga Nath, it had twenty members, six of whom where Muslim.|
|August 13-14,1943||Annual session of All Jammu and Kashmir Muslim Conference was held in Srinagar, under the president ship of Chaudary Ghulam Abbas.|
|1943||Pandit Prem Nath Bzaz floated the “Kashmir Socialist Party”.|
|May 10,1944||Quaid-e-Azam Muhamamd Ali Jinnnah reached Srinagar. He visited Kashmir on the joint invitation of the Muslim Conference and the National Conference. He attempts reconciliation between the two parties advising a single Muslim representative organization which, on the basis of full safeguards for the rights of non-Muslims minorities should arrive at an “honorable” settlement regarding the ongoing campaign for responsible government. Abdullah rejects Jinnah’s advice publicly and criticizes him.|
|June 16-17,1944||The annual session of All Jammu and Kashmir Muslim Conference was addressed by Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, in the compound of Jamia Masjid Srinagar .It was estimated that over one lac of Muslims turned up to hear Quaid-e-Azam.|
|September 29-30, 1944||National Conference issues a radical manifesto called “New Kashmir” contemplating drastic social and economic measures. At the same as against the Muslim Conference position of non cooperation with the Maharaja’s government agrees to the inclusion of one nominee of the National Conference in the Maharaja’s cabinet.|
|July 19,1945||Jawaharlal Nehru, accompanied by two Muslim leaders of the Indian Congress, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad and Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan reached Srinagar. Faces hostile demonstrations when taken out in a boat procession up the Jehlum river, These demonstrations are larger and more vehement than on his earlier visit in 1940.|
|July 19,1945||“The All Jammu & Kashmir Kisan Mazdoor Conference” was established by Pandit Prem Nath Bzaz, Kanhaya Lal Kaul,Habibulla Naz,Khwaja Abdus Salam yatu and Mir Noor Muhammad.Abdul Salam Yatoo was nominated as President.|
|August 05,1945||Annual session of National Conference was held in Sopor, Panidt Jawar Lal Nehru and Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan participated in this session.|
|February 15,1946||In Jammu, Muslims were observing Eid-e-Milad-e- Nabi. The procession was attacked by Hindus. Twenty eight persons were hospitalized. Twenty four persons mostly Muslims were arrested.|
|April 19,1946||Cabinet mission reached Srinagar. The mission consisted of Sir Pathic Lawrence, Mr. Alexander and Sir Stafford Cripps. The mission was returned to New Delhi on 24 April.|
|May ,1946||National, Conference makes a declaration called ‘Quit Kashmir’ against the Maharaja drawing attention of the British government to Kashmir’s claim to freedom on the withdrawal of British power.|
|June 08-09,1946||The Muslims Conference adopts the “Azad Kashmir Resolution” on its working committee meeting held in Srinagar, calling for the end of autocratic government and claims the right of the people to elect their own constituent assembly|
|July 27,1946||A meeting of General Counsel of Muslim Conference was held in Mirwaiz Manzil Srinagar, presided by Chaudary Ghulam Abbas. This meeting approved the decisions of working committee of Muslim Conference and rejected the claim of Mahraja that the majority of Muslims are with him and his Government and decided for “Direct Action”, to reject the claim of Mahraja. This resolution was presented by Allah Rakha Saghir, during his address he said that they have received jails, violation of civic right and defense rules from Kak, we are deprived from Justice, we shall fight for Azad Kashmir, Our Maki Period is now ended now we are in Madni Period, we shall fight for the liberation of every inch of state.|
|October 19,1946||Chaudary Ghulam Abbas was arrested.|
|January, 1947||The leader of R.S.S. Master Tara Singh and Leader of Akali Dal Doctor Harnam Singh addressed a public meeting under the auspices of the Singh Sabha. They made highly inflammatory anti-Muslim speeches.|
|January 04,1947||Elections were held in Kashmir. Muslim Conference captured 16 Muslim seats out of 21.|
|February 20,1947||British Prime Minister Ateli announced in House of Commons that according to cabinet mission plan, British Government will hand over the Government of India to Indians by June 1948.|
|April 21,1947||The Mahraja of Jammu & Kashmir, Hari Singh was visiting Rawlakot, Ex-servicemen of the area turned up in large numbers to accord the ruler a befitting reception. Mahraja was surprised to see former British Indian army in such a large number and wrongly considered it a threatening show of force. He did not address the gathering and even acknowledge their greeting|
|May 24,1947||Kriplani, now President of the Indian National Congress, visits Kashmir and confers with the Maharaja on 24 May.|
|June 03,1947||Partition Plan of Subcontinent was announced.|
|June 22,1947||Sardar Muhammad Ibraheem Khan (MLA) and Chaudary Hameed Ullah Khan acting President All Jammu & Kashmir Muslim Conference arrived from Srinagar to visit Rawlakot. It was decided to organize the ex-servicemen into Home Guards, for local protection of their area and later to start an armed struggle for accession of the state with Pakistan.|
|July 19,1947||On 19 July, a convention of Muslim Conference urges accession to Pakistan.|
|July 1947||The Maharaja orders Muslims to deposit their arms with the police. The Muslims in Punch organized themselves in guerilla groups.|
|August 1,1947||On 1 August, Mahatma Gandhi visits the Maharaja and suggests the removal of R.C. Kak. Gandhi is assured by a lieutenant of Abdullah that if Kak is ousted, a plebiscite will return a vote in favor of India.|
|August 12,1947||Maharaja offered standstill agreement with both India and Pakistan .|
|August 14,1947||Muslims in Kashmir celebrated “Pakistan Day” with flags enthusiastically displayed throughout the state. The Maharaja order them torn down and retaliated by closing all pro-Pakistan news papers.|
|August 15,1947||Pakistan accepted standstill agreement with Maharaja.|
|August 15,1947||A public meeting was held at Rawlakot, addressed by Sardar Mukhtar Khan ,Sardar Suleman Khan and some others. The participants were decided to start armed struggle against Dogra regime.|
|August 17,1947||Red Cliff Award is published. (Cyril Red Cliff, a London barrister, headed Boundary Commission to establish partition lines between Pakistan and India in divided provinces of Punjab and Bengal.) By splitting Gurdaspur district – a Muslim-majority area allotted to Pakistan in ‘notional division’, the Award provided India with road link to Kashmir and made it practicable for Maharaja to accede to India or establish military alliance with it. Maharaja, having excluded option of joining Pakistan, adopts three-point strategy
(i) to make road to India serviceable – all existing roads lead to Pakistan; (ii) to concentrate his troops in areas bordering Pakistan to deter insurgencies and seal frontier against incursions; (iii) to establish close working relationship with Indian government without formal accession, if possible and with it, if necessary.
|August 17,1947||A Public rally was organized in Rawlakot, soon after the prayer of Eid-Ul-Fiter. Sardar Mukhtar Khan Advocate, Sardar Muhammad Hussain Khan, Nambardar Sardar Khan, Sardar and Muhammad Ameer Khan had delivered speeches. They criticized the Government. The public rally was followed by the parade of Muslin National Guards. Participants were hosting Pakistani flag and chanting slogans in favor of Pakistan and against Dogras.|
|August 23,1947||A public meeting was held at Neela But, it was addressed among others by Sardar Muhamamd Abdul Qayyum Khan , Syed Muzaffar Hussain Nadvi, Peer Sadiq Hussain Shah, Syed Shamshad Shah, Molvi Muhamamd Ismaeel and Naik Molvi Muhmmad Bakhsh. They strongly condemned the state army repression and demanded accession of the state to Pakistan.|
|August 24,1947||Sardar Muhmmad Ibraheem Khan, reached Abbotabad from Srinagar .Raja Abdul Hameed Khan and Sultan Husan Ali Khan of Boi (Hazara) assisted him in this journey.|
|August 25,1947||Muslims of Northern and Eastern Bagh under leadership of Syed Ali Asghar Shah and Sardar Gul Ahmed joined the Sardar Muhammad Abdul Qayyum Khan at Bani Pasari.|
|August 26,1947||A public meeting was held at “Hudda Barhi”(Bagh) .The local leaders demanded accession of the state with Pakistan. Dogra forces fired at the meeting, killing and wounding 24 unarmed Muslims.|
|August 28 ,1947||A detachment of four Dogra signal men while moving from Rawlakot to Bagh on foot was ambushed in area Navli by a party of four freedom fighters lead by Nike Molvi Muhammad Buksh, three Dogra signal men became casualties with their rifles.|
|August 29,1947||Sardar Muhammad Abdul Qayyum Khan with a small band of freedom fighters had an exchange of fire with Dogra troops in Arja gorge.|
|August 29,1947||Clash between the Mujhaideen and State troops took place at Dothan (Punch).|
|September 05,1947||All Jammu & Kashmir Muslim Conference observed Punch Day, against the killings, arson and arrests by Dogra Forces in Punch.|
|September 06,1947||Dogra forces arrested Syed Khadim Hussain Shah from Hular Bagh, and killed him.|
|September 16,1947||Kisan Mazdoor Conference has approved a resolution and demanded Maharaja that Kashmir should be accede with Pakistan.|
|September 18,1947||Kashmir Socialist Party had demanded the accession of state with the Pakistan, in the interest of Kashmiri workers.|
|October 01,1947||Deheerkot Police Station was burnt by Mujhaid (Later col.) Raja Muhamamd Sadique Khan.|
|October 03,1947||Raja Latif Khan of Kotli Deheerkot, embraced martyrdom in a clash with Dogra force in forest near Neelabut.|
|October 3-4,1947||A major clash between the Mujahedeen and State troops took place at Thorar (Punch) on the night of 3-4 October 1947|
|October 06,1947||Battle of Mang was continued two days Subaidar Afsar Khan and 08 Mujahedeen embraced martyrdom.|
|October10-11,1947||Dogra platoon attacked on School at Dothan, 04 Mujahedeen and three women Hussain BB ,Jabara Begum and Hussan BB ,who were providing food to Mujahedeen embraced martyrdom. On the counter attack 400 Dogra soldiers were killed.|
|October14-15,1947||Subedar Baru Khan and Hav.Karim Haider were embraced martyrdom in an attack by Dogra Forces at Sarsawa Kotli|
|October 16,1947||Maharaja Hari Singh visited Bhimber and personally instructed his troops to shoot any Muslim having pro Pakistan sentiments or who was security risk. Muslim villages around Bhimber were set on fire in which many Muslim families were perished. A large number of Muslim families took refuge in the adjoining areas of Gujarat and Jhelum in Pakistan.|
|October 17,1947||A battalion of Patiala State forces – is brought into Kashmir on October 17; it takes up positions guarding Srinagar airfield and reinforces Maharaja’s garrison in Jammu.|
|October 22,1947||About 3,000 Pathan tribesmen, volunteers from NWFP & Tribal areas with small arms and driving in civilian lorries, commanded by Khurshid Anwar, enter State. Muzaffarabad was librated.|
|October 24,1947||The Bhimber was liberated under the leadership of Col.Habib-ur-Rehman Khan with his companions Lieut.Raja Annyat Khan,Captain Nawaz, Captain Ghulam Mauhiudin and Raja Jamroz Khan.|
|October 24,1947||Azad Kashmir Government was established. Sardar Ibraheem Khan was selected as President Azad Jammu & Kashmir.|
|October 27,1947||Indian troops landed on Kashmir in the name of fraudulent instrument of accession.|
|October 30 ,1947||Maharaja Hari Singh appoints Sheikh Abdullah as the Emergency Administrator for the State.|
|November 01,1947||Gilgit Baltistan was liberated by local persons. Col.Mirza Hassan Khan and Major Raja Babur Khan were leading these Mujahedeen.|
|November 02,1947||A provisional Government of Gilgit Baltistan was established. Raja Shah Raees Khan of Gilgit was selected as the head of Government, whereas Mirza Hassan Khan was Chief of Gilgit army. After two weeks Sardar Muhmmad Alim Khan was appointed as political agent from the Government of Pakistan.|
|November 03,1947||Indian Interior Minister Sardar Patel and Defense Minister Baldev Singh visited Jammu.|
|November 06,1947||Kashmiri Observe this day as “Yum-e-Shuhda-e- Jammu”to pay tribute to martyrs of Jammu. The genocide of Muslims in Jammu was started in April 1947, by Dogra forces, RSS,Akali Dal, Patiala State forces and local Sikhs and Hindus. Out of the total 8 lakhs who tried to migrate more than 2,37,000 Muslims were systematically exterminated by all the forces of Dogra State and aided by Hindus and Sikhs.|
|November09-10,1947||On the night of 09 and 10 November 1947 Captain Rehmat Ullaha Khan and Raja Sakhi Dler Khan attacked on Rajuri and liberated it. It was re-occupied by Dogra forces.|
|November 10,1947||Indian Air force attacked on Rawlakot, 90 Mujahedeen were embraced martyrdom. The Dogra forces withdrew from Rawlakot having fighting with freedom fighters. The Mujahedeen gain victory under the leadership of captain Hussain Khan,Subaidar Bostan Khan,Subaidar Muhamamd Hussain and Sub.Kalo Khan.|
|November 11,1947||Captain Hussain Khan embraced martyrdom.|
|November 23,1947||Mirpur was liberated after a long fight .The Mujaheedeen were fighting under the leadership of Col.Khan Muhammad Khan. The local Mujaheedn leaders were Captain Raja Afzal Khan,Captain Raja Azam Khan,N.Sub,Rehmat Khan,N.Sub.Ismaeel,N.Sub.Kfiat Ali,Sub.Manga Khan and Sardar Abdullah Khan.They were also supported by Col.Ali Ahmed Shah,Ghazi Elhi Buksh,Ghazi Abdul Rehman,Chaudary Noor Hussain and Raja Dilwar Khan.|
|November 26,1947||Kotli was librated.The Mujhadeen leaders were Raja Sakhi Dler Khan, Sub.Muhammad Hussin,Major Muhmmad Hussain, Liut.Afrasiab and Abdul Rasheed|
|January 1 ,1948||India refers the Kashmir issue to the UN Security Council.|
|January 17, 1948||India and Pakistan called upon to take measures to improve the situation and to inform about any significant change in it.|
|January 20 ,1948||U.N. Commission for India and Pakistan (UNCIP) set up.|
|March 5 , 1948||The Maharaja issued a proclamation replacing the Emergency Administration by a popular interim Government headed by Sheikh Abdullah.|
|April 21 ,1948||The Security Council passed a resolution providing for mediation by a 5-member UN Commission for India and Pakistan. (UNCIP)|
|August 13 , 1948||The UNCIP passed a resolution providing Right of Self Determination to Kashmiris.|
|December 11, 1948||UNCIP appointed Plebiscite Administrator.|
|January 1 ,1949||Ceasefire proclaimed under the UN auspices.|
|January 05,1949||The UNCIP is called by Pakistan to pass a resolution providing a Plebiscite Administrator for J&K. Adm. Nimitz nominated as Plebiscite Administrator. However, he could not succeed in getting the UN resolution implemented particularly resolution No.2 viz. withdrawal of Pak troops.|
|February 08,1949||Azad Kashmir Government shifted its capital from Junjal Hill (Pallandri) to Muzaffarabad.|
|April 28,1949||“Karachi agreement” signed between Govt.of Pakistan, Azad Kashmir and Muslim Conference for the provisional administration of Northern Areas (G&B).|
|June 20,1949||Maharaja Hari Singh issued a proclamation abdicating in favor of his son, Yuvraj Karan Singh.|
|January 26,1950||The Constitution of India comes into effect – Article 1, under which the entire state of J&K was a part of the territory of India and Article 370, giving a special status to the State were applied to J&K.|
|January 26 , 1950||The Constitution (Application to J&K) order 1950 issued under Article 370. This order applied 39 entries of the Union list to J&K corresponding to the terms of the ‘instrument of Accession’ and enumerated the related provisions of the Constitution which would apply to J&K with or without modifications.|
|May-June 1950||Sir Owen Dixon appointed as the first UN Representative, visited India and Pakistan in May-June 1950. He suggested a process of de-militarization popularly known as ‘Dixon Plan’.|
|October 27,1950||All J&K National Conference passed a resolution for convening a Constituent Assembly based on adult suffrage for the purpose, inter alia, of determining the future shape and & affiliation of the state of J&K including the issue of accession to India and & to frame a Constitution for the State.|
|April 1951||The Security Council appoints another representative (Dr. Graham) to resolve the issue within 3 months.|
|July 24, 1952||Kashmiri leaders (NC) discussed Centre/State relations with the Central Government and arrived at an arrangement known as the ‘Delhi Agreement’.|
|November 1952||Election for the Constituent Assembly held for framing the Constitution of J&K. All 75 seats won by the NC.|
|June 19,1953||Formation of Kashmir Political Conference (now defunct) by Ghulam Mohi-ud-Din Karra, who resigned from the NC.|
|March, 14 – April 11,1957||Gunnar Jarring of Sweden appointed as the UN mediator on the ‘Kashmir issue’. He visited India and Pakistan.|
|June 1958||Chaudry Ghulam Abbas launched Kashmir Liberation Movement(KLM) and announced central committee for arrangement of this movement .The committee was consist of Chaudary Ghulam Abbas(Supreme Head), Khawaja Muhammad Yousuf (General Secretary) ,members were : Raja Haider Khan,Sardar Abdul Qayyum Khan, Col.Sher Ahmed Khan, Ghazi Elhi Buksh, Dr.Muzaffar Hussain and Qazi Sher Alam|
|June 15,1958||Meeting of heads of liberation committees was held under the president ship of Chaudary Ghulam Abbas and it was decided to cross Cease Fire Line on 29th June 1958.All leadership was arrested.|
|April 1962||Maulvi Mohd. Farooq took over as the Mirwaiz of J&K .|
|October 20, 1962||Sino-Indian War. The cause of the war was a dispute over the sovereignty of the widely separated Aksai Chin and Arunachal Paradesh border regions. Aksai Chin, claimed by India to belong to Kashmir and by China to be part of Xinjiang, contains an important road link that connects the Chinese regions of Tibet and Xinjiang. China’s construction of this road was one of the triggers of the conflict. Before the war, both countries had posts in Aksai Chin and patrolled there. Since the end of the war, Aksai Chin has been under complete Chinese control. The war was ended on November 21, 1962.|
|March 02, 1963||Trans-KarakoramTract agreement. Negotiations between the China and Pakistan officially began on October 13, 1962 and resulted in an agreement being signed on 2 March 1963 by foreign ministers Chen Yi of China and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto of Pakistan. The agreement resulted in China withdrawing from about 750 square miles of territory, and Pakistan withdrawing its claim to about 2,050 square miles of territory that, in practice, it neither occupied nor administered.|
|December27 ,1963||The Holy relic is stolen from Hazratbal shrine, Srinagar. Massive anti-India agitation started by an Action Committee under the leadership of Maulvi Farooq.|
|June 22,1964||Maulvi Farooq announced the formationof Awami Action Committee.|
|March 30,1965||Legislative Assembly of Indian Occupied Kashmir passed the constitution (amendment) Bill, which brought about more significant changes. The designation of Sadar-e-Riasat (head of State) was changed into Governor, appointed by president of India instead of legislative assembly. The Prime Minister of the State would be known as Chief Minister.|
|January 10 ,1966||India and Pakistan signed the ‘Tashkent Declaration’.|
|September 18,1968||Chaudary Ghulam Abbas died and was buried at Faiz Abad Rawalpindi.|
|January 1970||‘Al Fateh’ organization was launched.|
|30 January 1971||Hijacking of Indian Airlines plane by Kashmiri Muslims.|
|July 3 ,1972||‘Simla Agreement’ was signed by the Prime Ministers of India and Pakistan .Ceasefire line converted into the Line of Control (LOC).|
|13 November 1974||Kashmir accord signed between Sheikh Abdullah and Mrs. Indira Gandhi (Beg- Parthasarthy Accord).|
|12 September 1976||Delhi-Jaipur bound Indian Airlines aircraft hijacked to Lahore by JKLF activists, Hamid Diwani (died in 1993), Mohd. Rafiq, Abdul Rashid Malik, Mohd. Ahsan Pathan, Gh. Nabi Bhatt and Gh. Rasool Shaheen.|
|May 1977||J&K Mahaz-e-Azadi, a pro-independence organization, formed by Sofi Mohd Akbar.|
|September 1977||J&K Islamic Jamaat-e-Tulba, was formed.|
|June 1979||J&K People’s Conference formed by Abdul Ghani Lone.|
|November 1981||J&K Panther’s Party formed by Bhim Singh.|
|September 8,1982||Sheikh Abdullah dies and Dr. Farooq Abdullah sworn in as the new CM.|
|February 11, 1984||Execution of Mohd. Maqbool Butt, JKLF founder in Tahr Jail.|
|March 11,1988||A prominent Kashmiri Leader, Kh. Khursheed was died in a road accident on March 11, 1988, while travelling in a public transport vehicle as an ordinary passenger. He is buried in the heart of Muzaffarabad.|
|September 18, 1988||Aijaz Dar ,a Kashmiri Mujahid leader was killed by Indian forces.|
|January 16 , 1989||Formation of J&K Muslim Conference.|
|January-March ,1989||Protests against Salman Rushdie’s book, The Satanic Verses, lead to massive demonstrations in Srinagar. 50 people are injured in clash with police. Protests and clashes with police continue|
|March 14 ,1989||Formation of J&K-Democratic Movement Forum by AR Kabuli.|
|May 11-14 , 1989||Quit Kashmir Movement launched by JKLF.|
|September 28, 1989||Shabir Shah, PL leader, arrested at Ramban, Jammu.|
|December 8,1989||Abduction of Rubaiya Sayeed, D /O Mufti Mohd Sayeed, the then Union Home Minister, in Srinagar.|
|December 13, 1989||Release of Dr. Rubaiya Sayeed in exchange of 5 hardcore JKLF leaders.|
|January, 1990||Jagmohan takes over as the Governor.|
|February 5,1990||Attempt by a mob of Kashmiri nationals to cross the LoC at Suchetgarh, Jammu.|
|March 4,1990||The liberation organization’s advocating Kashmiris’ accession with Pakistan form a forum, Tehreek-e-Hurriyate Kashmir in Srinagar. Advocate Mian Abdul Qayoom heads the forum.|
|February-April 1990||Syed Ali Gillani, Abdul Ghani , Prof. Abdul Ghani Baht , Maulvi Abbas Ansari, Qazi Nissar arrested.|
|May 21, 1990||Assassination of Mirwaiz Maulvi Farooq by Indian Forces. His funeral procession is fired on by security forces killing 50.|
|May 25, 1990||Jagmohan resigns as Governor, G.C. Saxena takes over.|
|July 18-19 ,1990||First round of Secretary level Indo-Pak talks in Pakistan.|
|July 19 ,1990||Imposition of President’s rule in J&K State.|
|August 6, 1990||Yasin Malik, Commander-in-Chief, JKLF and other top JKLF leader, arrested at Srinagar.|
|August 9-10 ,1990||Second round of Indo-Pak talks at New Delhi.|
|December 18-20 , 1990||Third round of Indo-Pak talks.|
|July 13-14 ,1991||International Conference on Kashmir at Washington by ‘World Kashmir Freedom Movement’.|
|August 19 , 1991||5th round of Indo-Pak Secretary-level talks.|
|November 12,1991||An all party meet in Delhi to solve the J&K problem.|
|August 1992||6th round of Indo-Pak Secretary-level talks.|
|January 6 ,1993||Arson at Sopore by Indian security forces.|
|March 7,1993||Nearly 30 parties and groups including JKLF, join together to form All-Parties Hurriyat Conference in Srinagar, headed by Mirwaiz Omar Farooq, son of the slain Mirwaiz Maulvi Mohammad Farooq.|
|March 12,1993||Gen. K.V. Krishna Rao took over as the Governor J&K.|
|April 1, 1993||Dr. Abdul Ahad Guru, senior JKLF leader kidnapped and killed by Indian Forces.|
|May7 , 1993||Prof. Abdul Gani (Muslim Conference), SAS Gillani (J&K JEI), Maulvi Abbas Ansari (KLC) and Mian Abdul Qayum (TEHK) prevented from leaving the country to attend meeting at Jeddah (KSA).|
|May 19,1993||John Malott, US State Department official, during his visit to Delhi, asserted that Kashmiris were an essential part to the Kashmir dispute|
|September 21-22 ,1993||Maqdoomi Sahib mosque set ablaze by Indian forces.|
|September 1993||US President’s passing reference to the Kashmir ‘dispute’ in UN General Assembly.|
|October 15,1993||Indian troops besiege Hazratbal shrine; heavy paramilitary contingents are reinforced and sandy bag bunkers erected around the shrine before and after the siege. More than 65 people including women and children are captivated without any supply of food and essential commodities for 32 successive days. Even water supply to the shrine was cut off after the siege.|
|October 22,1993||More than 50 protesters are martyred and another 100 injured in indiscriminate firing by paramilitary forces in Bijbehara, Islamabad.|
|November 16,1993||Complete shutdown observed in Kashmir for 32 days till the siege was lifted. Shrine is still under surveillance of troops frisking every visitor. The month-long siege is finally resolved through negotiations and those holed up are allowed safe passage. During this crisis, Hurriy Conference gains importance as it organizes mass boycotts, public demonstrations and protests throughout the Valley to protest siege of Kashmir’s holiest shrine. Hurriyat leaders play important role in negotiating end to crisis.|
|January 1-3 ,1994||7th round of Indo-Pak Secretary-level talks.|
|February 11,1995||Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto says Pakistan will continue supporting Kashmiris in their struggle for freedom by extending fullest moral, political and diplomatic help and will try its best to make the world realize the gravity of the issue.|
|May 8-9 ,1995||Burning of over 250 houses in Charar-e- Sharief town by Indian forces.|
|May 10-11 ,1995||Burning of Charar-e-Sharief shrine and the complete township by Indian forces.|
|May 16,1995||The OIC Contact Group on Kashmir strongly condemns the “brutal Indian military operation” in Charar Sharif and urges India to withdraw its forces from there. A formal resolution is moved in US Congress calling on Pakistan, India and the legitimate representatives of the people of Kashmir to enter into negotiations and resolve the Kashmir conflict peacefully.|
|February , 1996||Ban on the JKLF under Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act.|
|September 18 ,1996||Ban on Harkat-ul-Ansar (HUA) and Hizbul-Mujahideen (HuM) under Section 3(IIIA) J&K Criminal Law Amendment Act.|
|October 9, 1996||Farooq Abdullah government formed.|
|December 10-12 , 1996||72-hour relay hunger strike in Delhi by KJHC leaders to draw the attention of the UN Human Right Commission towards atrocities on Kashmiris. KJHC leader, Yasin Malik sat on a 72 hours fast to draw the attention of the UNHRC.|
|March 23-27 , 1997||OIC Contact group met in Islamabad.|
|March 30,1997||Eighth round of Indo-Pak Secretary-level talks in Delhi.|
|May 17-24 , 1997||Observance of ‘Shoda-e-Kashmif week commemorating the death Anniversary of Moulvi Farooq.|
|June 19-23 ,1997||Ninth round of Indo-Pak Secretary-level talks in Islamabad.|
|August, 1997||Formation of J&K Solidarity Forum in Azad Kashmir.|
|September 15-18 , 1997||10th round of Indo-Pak Foreign Secretary-level talks in Delhi.|
|December 9-11 ,1997||OIC Contact group meeting in Tehran.|
|February17 , 1998||Ban on JKLF extended.|
|March 15-18 ,1998||Meetings of Foreign Minister of OIC at Doha (Qatar).|
|April 15,1998||The OIC contact group adopts a memorandum, condemning the inhuman atrocities in Jammu & Kashmir, rejecting the farcical elections there and calling for settlement of dispute in accordance with United Nations resolutions.|
|April 24 ,1998||Syed Ali Gillani Geelani takes over as the Chairman of APHC.|
|June 29,1998||Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif calls upon the United Nations to take effective steps for the implementation of Security Council resolutions on Jammu and Kashmir.|
|July 29 ,1998.||Indo-Pak talks on the eve of Colombo summit.|
|February 20,199||In response to an invitation by the Prime Minister of Pakistan, Muhammad Nawaz Sharif, the Prime Minister of India, Atal Behari Vajpayee, arrives in Pakistan. Nawaz Sharif receives Atal Bihari Vajpaye at Wahga border visits Pakistan.|
|May 8, 1999.||Kargil war started|
|December 24,1999||Five Kashmiri Freedom Fighters hijack an Indian Airlines Airbus carrying 189 passengers and 11 crewmembers en route from Katmandu to New Delhi. The plane is diverted to Dubai, United Arab Emirates, where the hijackers release 27 hostages.|
|December 25,1999||The hijacked Indian Airlines plane lands at an airport in southern Afghanistan after a flight from Dubai. The hijackers demand release of 36 mujahedeen languishing in Indian jails.|
|December 31,1999||The Indian Government agrees to release three imprisoned mujahedeen in exchange for the hostages’ safe return. The plane and remaining hostages are released unharmed.|
|February 28, 2000||Kashmiris on both sides of the Line of Control and abroad observe protest day against collective massacre of 14 Kashmiris at village Lonjot, in Nakial sector by Indian troops.|
|June 06, 2000||A prominent liberation activist, Javed Ahmad Zargar is released after 11 years illegal detention in Indian jails.|
|August 3,2000||Chief of Kashmir Mass Movement, Farida Behanji, is released after 5 years of illegal detention.|
|September 14,2000||The OIC contact group in New York announces to appoint an envoy on Kashmir and to set-up a team to see for itself the prevailing situation in occupied Kashmir.|
|February 17,2001||The Organization of the Islamic Conference urges New Delhi to take immediate steps to ensure protection of mosques in India and occupied Kashmir. The OIC also calls upon its member states to extend humanitarian assistance to the people of occupied Kashmir.|
|April 24,2001||Indian agents attack the All Parties Hurriyet Conference’s Headquarter in Srinagar.|
|August 09,2001||Puppet cabinet in occupied Kashmir declares all the six districts of Jammu as disturbed areas, providing sweeping powers to the military forces on the pretext of dealing with mujahedeen.|
|September 11,2001||Indian troops burn to ashes 30 residential houses and shops in Kupwara town in vindictive oppression.|
|September 22,2001||“The forces in Indian held Kashmir have directives to kill freedom fighters rather than attempt to capture them alive”, a human rights report issued in the United States said. Statements by senior police and army officials confirm that the Indian forces are under “instructions” to kill these mujahedeen rather than attempting to arrest them alive. Report on Human Rights Practices’ for the year 2000, released by the Bureau of Labor, USA quotes glaring examples of human rights abuses in the occupied valley.|
|October 20,2001||The New York-based Human Rights Watch warns that the new anti-terrorism legislation, approved by the Indian cabinet, will give Indian police sweeping powers of arrest and detention. The Human Rights Watch observes that the broadly worded “Prevention of Terrorism Ordinance”, which is likely to be considered by the Indian parliament during its winter session beginning in November, sets forth a broad definition to terrorism that includes act of violence or disruption of essential services carried out with “intent to threaten the unity and integrity of India or to strike terror in any part of the people”.|
|January 12,2002||Pakistan President Pervez Musharraf, in a televised address to the nation, calls for a peaceful end to the dispute over Kashmir and for a renewed spirit of national unity. He says, “Kashmir runs in our blood. No Pakistani can afford to sever links with Kashmir. We will continue to extend our moral, political and diplomatic support to Kashmiris. We will never budge from our principle stand on Kashmir issue, which must be resolved through dialogue in accordance with the wishes of the people of Pakistan and in accordance with the UN resolutions.”|
|April 11,2002||The OIC Kashmir Contact Group in a meeting in Geneva affirms that a plebiscite under UN auspices to determine the wishes of the Kashmiri people could be the only viable basis for peaceful settlement of this dispute.|
|May 21,2002||APHC leader Abdul Ghani Lone along with his bodyguard is shot dead while attending a ceremony commemorating the assassination of prominent Kashmiri leader, Mir Waiz Maulvi Farooq.|
|June 26,2002||Secretary General of the Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC) appeals India and Pakistan to exercise self-restraint and resolve Kashmir dispute in accordance with the UN resolutions. Addressing the 29th session of OIC Foreign Ministers in Khartoum, Dr, Abdelouhahed Belkeziz offers its mediation and good offices to defuse tension and pave way for a dialogue between the two countries.|
|June 28,2002||India’s interior ministry bans Kashmiri women’s group Dukhtaran-e-Millat|
|July 28,2002||US Secretary of State Colin Powel in a news conference in New Delhi says that Kashmir is on the international agenda. The US would provide a helping hand to all sides in order to resolve the Kashmir issue.|
|August 17,2002||Addressing a press conference after talks with APHC in Srinagar, Indian Kashmir Committee head, Ram Jethmalani said Kashmir is a disputed territory and needed immediate resolution. He says it would be foolish to claim that Kashmir is not a dispute. “The dispute exists and its resolution will bring peace to the entire South Asian region”, he said|
|September 12,2002||UN Secretary General Kofi Annan says the international community might have a role to play in resolution of the Kashmir issue if tension between India and Pakistan flares up again. In his address before the General Assembly, Annan identifies the Kashmir issue as one of the four global problems after the Israel-Palestinian dispute, the Iraq problem, and the Afghanistan situation.|
|September 13,2002||Addressing the 57th session of the UNGA, Pakistan President Pervez Musharraf says, the people of Jammu and Kashmir must be allowed to exercise their right to determine their own future in accordance with the relevant resolutions of UN Security Council. He said three steps are required to avoid conflict and mutual withdrawal of forward deployed forces by both sides, observance of cease-fire along the LoC in Kashmir and cessation of India’s state terrorism against the Kashmiri people.|
|September 19,2002||Indian Congress President, Sonia Ghandi calls for final solution to Kashmir issue and says if the Indian government is really serious about Jammu and Kashmir, which is affecting the lives of innocent people, it should do something about it now.”|
|October 16,2002||India’s apex Cabinet Committee on Security headed by Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee decides to order a phased withdrawal of troops massed on Pakistan’s borders. Announcing the cabinet decision, Indian Defence minister George Fernandes says, the armed forces would take their time to implement the process of withdrawal.|
|October 17,2002||Jammu and Kashmir is put under Governor’s rule after caretaker puppet Chief Minister Farooq Abdullah refuses to take charge of the regime.|
|November 2,2002||Mufti Mohammed Sayeed is sworn-in as the puppet chief minister of Jammu and Kashmir.|
|November 15,2002||Britain says, the Kashmir problem between India and Pakistan has stemmed out of some quite serious mistakes committed by it by not demarcating the boundaries even two days after Independence of India and Pakistan from the British rule. “We made some quite serious mistakes. We were complacent with what happened in Kashmir, the boundaries weren’t published until two days after Independence. Bad story for us, the consequences are still there,” Britain’s Foreign Secretary Jack Straw says in an interview to the New Statesman magazine.|
|December 18,2002||A Delhi Court awards death sentence under draconian law POTA to three Kashmiris, Muhammad Afzal, Showkat Hassan Guru and a university lecturer, Syed Abdul Rehman Gilani, falsely charged for attack on Indian parliament on December 13 last year. Showkat’s wife Afshan Guru was charged with what was described as concealing the so-called plot. She is sentenced to five years rigorous imprisonment. The All Parties Hurriyet Conference has strongly denounced the verdict.|
|December 19,2002||Amnesty International is dismayed at the death sentences handed down to three people accused of the 13 December 2001 attack on the Indian Parliament. “The death penalty is a violation of the right to life and the ultimate cruel, inhuman and degrading punishment,” Amnesty International said. “We oppose the death penalty unconditionally, whether it is imposed on alleged criminals or on so-called terrorists,”|
|July 09,2003||The Police sources in occupied Kashmir reveal that more than 90,000 persons have been killed in the state since January 1990 to December 2002. This figure has been published in the souvenir entitled “Moments of Honour” brought out by Jammu and Kashmir police.|
|July 11,2003||India and Pakistan resume bus service after 18 months. The All Parties Hurriyet Conference welcomes the resumption of Delhi-Lahore bus service and says that the alliance would not raise any heckles, if New Delhi and Islamabad start with trade, cultural and other ties before discussing the Kashmir issue. Mirwaiz Umar Farooq says, “Nobody can deny the fact that sooner or later Kashmir issue has to be resolved.”|
|July 31,2003||Ghazi –e-Millat Sardar Muhammad Ibraheem Khan died.|
|September 30,2003||Organisation of Islamic Conference (OIC), once again reiterates its categorical support to Kashmiris’ struggle for their right of self-determination. The OIC Contact Group on Kashmir unanimously adopts a resolution, stressing upon India to stop repression against freedom activists in occupied Kashmir, withdraw black laws, immediately free Kashmiri detainees and end travel restrictions on Hurriyet Conference leaders|
|October14,2003||Addressing the OIC summit in Putrajaya, Malaysia, Secretary General OIC Abdelouahed Belkeziz demands right to self-determination for the Kashmiri people and urges India to allow OIC delegation to inspect the situation in Occupied Kashmir.|
|November 25,2003||A ceasefire between India and Pakistan on the Line of Control, Working Boundary and Line of Actual Contact in Siachen becomes effective. Modalities for giving effect to the truce are worked out after a hotline contact between the Director General Military Operations (DGMOs) of Pakistan and India earlier in the day.
The United States welcomes the ceasefire by India and Pakistan saying it hopes more moves towards peace are on the way. Secretary of State Colin Powell calls Pakistan’s Foreign Minister Khurshid Mehmud Kasuri and Indian External Affairs Minister Yashwant Sinha to congratulate them on the ceasefire.
|November 29,2003||President General Pervez Musharraf announces Pakistan’s readiness to go beyond its stated position in disputes with India, as he declares to unilaterally remove ban on the Indian over flights.
India welcomes Pakistan President Pervez Musharraf’s announcement that his country will lift the ban on Indian flights over its airspace and grant them landing rights and hoped that the two-day talks on resumption of civil aviation links would be fruitful.
|December 18,2003||President Pervez Musharraf says Pakistan is ready to put aside its demand for a referendum in occupied Kashmir. Pakistan’s long-standing position has been that a referendum should decide if the divided territory becomes part of Pakistan or India.|
|January 05,2004||Meeting between President Pervez Musharraf and Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpaee held in Aiwan-e-Sadr in Islamabad. This is the first formal meeting between the two leaders after Agra Summit, two years back.|
|February 05,2004||Addressing the joint sitting of the Azad Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly and the AJK Council in Muzaffarabad, President Musharraf reaffirms Pakistan’s moral, political and diplomatic support to the Kashmir cause and says both Islamabad and New Delhi would have to show flexibility on the issue for peace in South Asia.|
|February 17,2004||Pakistan and India agree to start dialogue on Kashmir in May-June.|
|March 25,2004||Indian army sources say, a substantial portion of the multi-layered fences has been erected in 360 kilometers out of a total of 580 kilometers on the LoC.|
|June 24,2004||In a televised address to the Nation, Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh says, we will actively pursue the composite dialogue with Pakistan. We are sincere about discussing and resolving all issues, including Jammu and Kashmir.|
|October 10,2004||A bill introduced in the US House of Representatives calls for a peaceful resolution to the Kashmir conflict and the appointment by the State Department of a special envoy to work with the governments of India, Pakistan and Kashmir so that continuing progress can be ensured. The bill is brought in by Pennsylvania Republican Joe Pitts.|
|October 13,2004||Pakistan President Pervez Musharraf sees a ‘simple’ solution to the Kashmir dispute saying India should pull troops out of the Himalayan territory and agree to a compromise over its status. In an interview to Indian newspaper, President Pervez Musharraf says both sides need to step back from these ‘maximalist’ positions after which, he added; they could find a solution in just a day if they really wanted to. “It is simple – identify the region, demilitarize it and change its status.”|
|October 25,2004||In a new formulation to resolve the vexed Kashmir issue, Pakistan President Pervez Musharraf suggests India and Pakistan consider the option of identifying some ‘regions’ of Kashmir on both sides of Line of Control, demilitarize them and grant them the status of independence or joint control or under UN mandate. “I will leave a food for thought for you. Take Kashmir in its entirety. It has seven regions. Two of the regions are in Pakistan and five are in India. In my view, identify a region, whether it is the whole or seven or part, I do not know.” “Identify the region, demilitarize the region for ever and change its status,” Musharraf said this at an iftar dinner attended by diplomats, government officials and media persons in Islamabad.|
|December 07,2004||A crucial round of talks between India and Pakistan begins in New Delhi to discuss a proposed bus service between the divided parts of Kashmir. The proposed service will link Srinagar and Muzaffarabad.|
|February 05,2005||Pakistan observes ‘Kashmir Solidarity Day’, with President Pervez Musharraf saying Kashmir is its ‘vital national interest’ and a solution to the problem is acceptable only if it met the aspirations of Kashmiris. He also pledges to continue providing political, diplomatic and moral support to the Kashmiris’ cause.|
|February 16,2005||In significant steps enhancing people-to-people contacts, India and Pakistan agree to start the Srinagar-Muzaffarabad bus service from April 7 and decide on a series of confidence building measures that include reducing risk of use of nuclear weapons.|
|April 7,2005||In a path-breaking step, the divide that has kept apart the people of Jammu and Kashmir is bridged with the start of bus services across the Line of Control after 57 years. At 1.45 p.m., 30 passengers of the bus from Muzaffarabad, capital of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, take what Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh describes as a “small but significant step” by crossing a “Peace Bridge” straddling the LoC into Jammu and Kashmir on Indian side.|
|June 02,2005||Nine leaders of the All Parties Hurriyet Conference (APHC) and some other groups cross into Azad Jammu and Kashmir from the Chakothi checkpoint on the Line of Control. Chairman of the APHC Mirwaiz Umar Farooq and two other visiting leaders in a press conference in Muzaffarabad say that they have come to consult the Kashmiri leadership in Azad Kashmir and the Pakistan government about participation in the dialogue between Islamabad and New Delhi to settle the 57-year-old Kashmir dispute. They emphasize that while supporting the India-Pakistan peace process and seeking their vital participation in it, they would not countenance a “sell-out of the blood of 80,000 people killed in 15 years of uprising in occupied Kashmir”.|
|July 03,2005||Pakistan will formally submit to India the recent proposal of President Pervez Musharraf for identification of the seven regions of Kashmir and demilitarization of some of them, says Pakistan High Commissioner to India Aziz Ahmed Khan. He says Pakistan has not given up the proposal and this will be submitted at the right time as the ongoing composite dialogue makes progress. In an interview Khan says, “When India comes up with its proposals at the negotiating table, we will also give our suggestions, including this one for resolving the outstanding issues between the two countries.”|
|July 03,2005||The Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) Contact Group on Jammu and Kashmir, in its meeting in Sana’a, (Yemen) calls for settlement of Kashmir dispute and halt to human rights abuses in occupied Kashmir. The meeting is attended by the Foreign Ministers of Turkey, Niger, Pakistan and Deputy Leader of the Saudi Delegation as well as a representative of Yemen. Pakistani Foreign Minister Khurshid Kasuri, in his statement thanks the Muslim Ummah and especially, members of the Contact Group for their continued support and understanding in highlighting the Jammu and Kashmir dispute. He reiterates Pakistan’s continued political, moral and diplomatic support to the people of Jammu and Kashmir in their legitimate struggle.|
|September 04,2005||Pakistan and India agree on the reunion of divided Kashmiri families at designated places along the Line of Control (LoC) in Jammu and Kashmir, a move which they believe would address the grave problems of the Kashmiri people. According to the proposal the divided Kashmiri families will be allowed to meet at five places including Mundhar, Poonch, Suchetgarh, Uri and Tangdhar.|
|September 15,2005||After a marathon four-hour long meeting that spilled past midnight, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and President Pervez Musharraf agree to pursue all possible options for a peaceful negotiated settlement of the Jammu and Kashmir issue while pledging not to allow terrorism to impede the peace process. Meeting on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly after sending out clear messages on what they want to be done in regard to resolving bilateral problems, the two leaders issued a four-para joint statement, which is read out by President Pervez Musharraf after the dinner hosted by Singh at his hotel.|
|January 18,2006||India and Pakistan agree to start a second bus service linking both sides of divided Kashmir. A joint statement after two days of talks between the foreign secretaries of both countries held in Islamabad says Pakistan and India are committed to starting a bus service between Punchand Rawalakot and a truck service on the Muzaffarabad-Srinagar route for trade as soon as infrastructure damaged by the October earthquake is restored. Indian Foreign Secretary Shyam Saran says arrangements for the Poonch-Rawalakot route can be finalized by March-April. He says India’s proposal for Jammu-Sialkot and Kargil- Skardu bus routes are pending.|
|June 20,2006||Hundreds of people cheer and wave flags on both sides of Kashmir on the start of a second bus service linking the two halves of the Himalayan region through Poonch-Rawalakot route. The bus service, to initially run once every two weeks, helps 74 people cross one of the world’s most heavily militarized frontiers. It marks a positive step in strained relations between the nuclear-armed South Asian neighbors, which have fought two wars over Kashmir.|
|October 11,2006||Pakistan’s President Pervez Musharraf says discussions are underway between Pakistan and India for an agreement on the Kashmir issue. He expresses the hope that ‘something’ could be announced during Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s proposed visit to Pakistan.|
|February 04,2007||The Holland-based NGO, Medicines Sans Frontiers (MSF), in a report on Kashmir, says due to Indian army’s atrocities, psychological distress is rampant among Kashmiris, with incidents of disgracing of women by military personnel ever-rising.|
|February 11,2007||The Association of the Parents of Disappeared Persons (APDP), reveals that the mass graves in occupied Kashmir are mostly located in the vicinity of various camps of Indian army and its Special Operation Group (SOG) and there are 25 such cases (since 2002) where locals after arrest were killed in fake encounters and subsequently claimed as the so-called foreign militants.|
|February 15,2007||The New York-based, Human Rights Watch, taking cognizance of the continued human rights violations in occupied Kashmir expresses grave concern over Indian troops’ stepped-up killings of Kashmiri youth in fake encounters and disappearances in custody. The reputed international human rights body, in its report released in New York says that after exhumation of Abdul Rehman Paddar’s dead body, the phenomena of killings in fake encounters and during custody by Indian troops has become an established fact. The report says “The Indian security forces have ‘disappeared’ countless people in Jammu and Kashmir since 1989 and staged fake encounter killings while fabricating claims that those killed were militants.” The human rights watch urges India to establish an independent and impartial commission of inquiry into Indian troops’ serious human rights violations and stresses to make public the findings of the commission. On the other hand, HRW calls the puppet authorities to prepare a complete list of those persons who went missing since 1989. It also urges India to empower the commission to execute the perpetrators of rights violations.|
|February 22,2007||In a significant development the forensic tests of the samples of the dead body of a Kashmiri youth proves continuous killing of Kashmiri youth in fake encounters by Indian troops. The DNA test carry out by the forensic lab at Chandigarh of a Kashmiri youth, Abdul Rehman Paddar, has shown positive results matching with the samples taken from his relatives. The results have clearly shown that he has been killed in a fake encounter by the members of Special Operations Group in Waskora village of Ganderbal on December 9, last year after describing him as a foreign militant.|
|March 7,2007||The US State Department in its annual report on Human rights points towards the gross human rights violations by Indian troops in occupied Kashmir. The State Department says that custodial killings, disappearances, violence and molestation of women by police and Indian Army personnel are common in India and occupied Kashmir where they enjoy full impunity under the draconian laws. The report says that due to the lack of accountability within Indian Army and government, punitive measures are seldom taken against the perpetrators of the acts of human rights violations. The report also points out the worst condition of Indian jails where individuals are kept for long time without registration of any case against them.|
|May 5,2005||Complete shutdown is observed in Srinagar to protest against the damage to a 200-year-old mosque in Hari Parbat by Indian troopers. Visitors say a Hindu and a Sikh temple inside the recently reopened fort overlooking Srinagar are intact but the mosque has been damaged.|
|May 17,2007||The organization of Islamic Conference (OIC) in the final declaration of the Foreign Ministers Conference in Islamabad reaffirms its support to the people of Jammu and Kashmir for their inalienable right to self-determination in accordance with the relevant UN Security Council’s resolutions and Kashmirs’ aspirations. The declaration emphasizes for respecting the human rights of the Kashmiri people and extends all possible political and diplomatic support to the true representatives of the Kashmiri people in their struggle against foreign occupation.|
|May 24,2007||International human rights organization, Amnesty International in its annual report for the year 2007 expresses grave concern over Indian troops continued human rights violations such as custodial killings, enforced disappearances and extra-judicial murders.|
|August 31,2007||The Amnesty International takes serious note of continued enforced disappearances and abductions of innocent Kashmiris at the hands of Indian army in occupied Kashmir, expressing its displeasure over non-implementation of the promises made by the puppet regime and New Delhi, regarding putting an end to human rights abuses and awarding punishments to the troops involved in crimes against the Kashmiris. In a statement issued in Srinagar, the world human rights agency says, the majority of those who have disappeared are young men, but people of all ages, professions and backgrounds have been victims, many of whom have no connection with what India claims armed struggle against its rule in Jammu and Kashmir. India and Pakistan fail to resolve a dispute over India’s plans to build a dam on a river in occupied Kashmir, but say they would continue negotiations.|
|November 20,2007||The US based, Human Rights Watch reiterates its statement shows concern over the human rights violations committed by Indian troops with impunity in occupied Kashmir. The organization urges India to repeal the draconian law, Armed Forces Special Powers Act, which has prevented the Indian troops from being accountable for human rights violations. The statement says that the Act granted the Army wide powers of arrest, the right to shoot to kill any one, and to occupy or destroy his property.|
|December 11,2007||In occupied Kashmir, the Army declares Major Avtar Singh, prime accused in the custodial killing of prominent lawyer and human rights activist Jalil Andrabi, a deserter.|
|January 15,2008||A Kashmiri youth Sonaullah is awarded 31 years imprisonment by the TADA/POTA court Jammu on fake charges.|
|February 02,2008||A report compiled by Holland-based humanitarian group, Medicines Sans Frontiers (MSF), reveals that in the period between 1989 to 2007, Kashmiris have frequently experienced a range of violence such as crackdowns, frisking, raids and destruction of their properties by Indian troops, causing immense psychological disorders among them.|
|March 12,2008||The US State Department, in its annual report on human rights for the year 2007 takes strong notice of continued killings and disappearances of civilians along with denial of the basic public rights by Indian troops in occupied Kashmir. Based on various sources of information, the report issued in Washington says that Indian troops continue to commit human rights violations with impunity under the protection of draconian laws. The report says categorically that the custodial killings, arrest of the people without any legal justification, molestation of Kashmiri women and curtailment of the freedom of movement, speech and assembly has become order of the day in the occupied territory.|
|March 14,2008||The OIC Contact Group on Jammu and Kashmir co-chaired by the OIC Secretary General, Mr. Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu and the Foreign Minister of Pakistan, Mr. Inam-ul Haque meets on the sidelines of the 11th OIC Summit held in Dakar. The meeting is attended by the Foreign Minister of Turkey, Ali Babacan, the Minister of State for Foreign Affairs of Saudi Arabia, Dr. Nizar Obeid Madani and representatives of Niger and Senegal. Kashmiri delegation that attended the meeting is led by the Chairman of All Parties Hurriyet Conference Mirwaiz Umar Farooq and includes representatives from both Azad Kashmir and occupied Kashmir.The OIC Secretary General, in the meeting states that the Jammu and Kashmir is one of the oldest unresolved issues on the agenda of the OIC. While reaffirming the OIC’s continues commitment to the just cause of Kashmir, he requests the member states to use their influence effectively over India to improve the human rights condition in the occupied territory.|
|March 29,2008||One thousand unidentified graves are found in villages around Uri in Baramulla district of occupied Kashmir, believed to be of those, killed by Indian troops in custody and fake encounters. This is revealed in a report of Association of Parents of Disappeared Persons, released in Srinagar and compiled after a yearlong survey.|
|May 28,2008||The Amnesty International, expressing grave concern over the discovery of unnamed mass graves in occupied Kashmir, stresses the need for an immediate and impartial probe into the matter. The Amnesty, in its annual report for 2008, deplores the continued incidents of custodial deaths, enforced disappearances, extra-judicial killings, violence against women and harassment of human rights defenders in the occupied territory. It reveals that Indian troops and their agents have been violating the human rights with impunity. The report adds that more than 8,000 people have gone missing since 1989 and the puppet administration has done nothing to reveal their whereabouts.|
|June 20,2008||The Organization of Islamic Countries (OIC) Contact Group on Kashmir while reiterating its support to Kashmiris’ struggle for right to self-determination stresses the need for resolving the Kashmir dispute in accordance with aspirations of the people of Jammu and Kashmir. The reiteration is made by the OIC Secretary General, Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu, while addressing 35th session of the Council of Foreign Ministers moot in Uganda’s capital city Kampala. Speaking on the occasion the foreign minister of Pakistan, Shah Mehmood Qureshi highlights his county’s efforts regarding the resolution of Kashmir dispute through a meaningful, constructive and result-oriented dialogue with India|
|June 27,2008||Hundreds of thousands of people converge on Lal Chowk in Srinagar chanting ‘Jeeve Jeeve Pakistan’ and ‘We want Freedom’. People wave Pakistani flag on Ghanta Ghar in Lal Chowk and in Front of Radio Kashmir in Srinagar. Dozens of people are injured in clashes between the protesters and Indian troops in Srinagar, Baramulla, Sopore, Budgam, Islamabad, Pulwama, Shopian, Kupwara and other cities.|
|July 11,2008||Working Group of the United Nations, investigating the enforced disappearances in occupied Kashmir, registers a case regarding the custodial disappearances of a Kashmiri youth. This is the first case related to occupied Kashmir. This is stated by an official of the Association of Parents of Disappeared Persons (APDP), during a meeting of the Association in Srinagar. APDP President Parveena Ahangar along with over hundred members of the Association was also present.|
|August 8,2008||The APHC Chairman, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq and other Hurriyet leaders, Syed Ali Gilani, Shabbir Ahmad Shah, Shaikh Abdul Aziz and Nayeem Ahmad Khan are put under house arrest by the authorities, to prevent them from addressing public gatherings and leading protest demonstrations. Pitched clashes between the demonstrators and the troops continue at several places. Jammu Kathua, Samba, Udhampur and Punchtowns remain under strict curfew
In Islamabad, the capital of Paksitan, a delegation of the APHC-AJK hands over a memorandum to the office of the United Nations Information Division denouncing the economic blockade in occupied Kashmir.
The Kashmir Fruit Growers and Dealers Association (KFGDA), the apex body of Kashmiri fruit growers, decides to cross the Line of Control on 11 July, with their fruit laden trucks in protest against the economic blockade and attack on fruit-laden trucks in Jammu and Punjab by the Hindu extremists.
|August 9,2008||Over 7000 Hindu hooligans attack the Jordian area of Akhnore setting ablaze 13 houses belonging to the Muslim community. The Hindu extremists loot cash and other household valuables before putting the houses on fire.|
|August 10,2008||A high-level delegation of International Committee for Red Cross, Medicine San Frontiers and Action Aid approaches the occupation authorities in Srinagar for providing medical aid to the Kashmiris, which is being refused despite the fact that the people of the territory are facing acute shortage of edibles, cooking gas and petrol besides medicines including life saving drugs.
After receiving threats from right wing Hindu groups, the Kashmiri doctors in Jammu Medical College hospital return to Valley.
|August 11,2008||Hundreds of thousands of Kashmiris march to the line of control, amidst large-scale arrests, indiscriminate firing and use of brute force by Indian troops.
The APHC Chairman, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq, Syed Ali Glani, Syed Agha Hassan- Al-Mosoovi and Main Abdul Qayoom are placed under house arrest to prevent them from leading the march.
During the whole day people in thousands sprang from various places to march towards the LoC. Despite strict restrictions by the troops, people in large number march from different corners towards the Line of Control. Thousands of people led by APHC leaders, Shabbir Ahmad Shah, Sheikh Abdul Aziz and Nayeem Ahmad Khan reach near Rampur, 15 kilometers away from the LoC. Thousands of fruit growers with fruit laden trucks also include in the march.
Senior APHC leader, Shaikh Abdul Aziz is martyred after he is shot at by Indian Army personnel at Zahal-Boniyar in Uri. He receives bullets in his abdomen and breathes his last in a Srinagar hospital. The news creates wide spread panic in the entire occupied territory. While leading the march, he was seen holding in his hands a big portrait of Quaid-e-Azam, Muhammad Ali Jinnah. The occupation authorities impose curfew in Srinagar city.
|September 10,2008||Prominent human rights defenders, addressing a seminar in New Delhi, urge India to respect Kashmiris’ right to self-determination and realise that this is the only way forward for the resolution of the Kashmir issue. The speakers include Arundhati Roy, Prem Shankar Jha, Javeed Naqvi, Sanjay Kak, Rajinder Sachar, Gautam Navlakha and Syed Abdul Rahman Gilani.|
|November 02,2008||The Secretary General of the United Nations, Ban Ki Moon calls for peaceful resolution of Kashmir dispute. In an interview he says, “If India and Pakistan resolve the issue bilaterally the UN won’t raise any objections.” Replying a question, he says he is ready to use his good offices for settling the Kashmir dispute if and when both parties ask for it.|
|November 12,2008||The Amnesty International asks India to respect the international human rights standards and protect the right to life of the people in occupied Kashmir. It urges India to unconditionally repeal the Jammu & Kashmir Disturbed Areas Act, the Armed Forces Special Powers Act and the Public Safety Act as these legislations provided discretionary powers to the armed forces.|
|January 15,2009||The Human Rights Watch in its 2009 annual report released in New York castigates India for ignoring calls to conduct independent investigation to determine the fate of thousands of people who have disappeared during the last two decades in occupied Kashmir. The organization points out that India is continuing to provide extra-ordinary powers to its troops and grant them immunity from prosecution. The report says that the Indian paramilitary forces are responsible for extra judicial killings, arbitrary detention, due process violations, and ill treatment in custody in Jammu and Kashmir and in Indian state of Manipur. Criticizing laws such as the Armed Forces Special Powers Act, it points out that these laws provide impunity to Indian police and troops.|
|April 10,2009||In occupied Kashmir, Indian government decides to install Israel-made spy satellite near the Line of Control to check movement of Kashmiri people. The Satellite Radar ‘Imaging’, weighing 300-kilogram, has been prepared in Israel and now being brought to India.|
|May 28,2009||The world human rights body, Amnesty International (AI) in its annual report for 2009, says that Indian troops have been using brute force against demonstrators in occupied Kashmir during 2008. The Amnesty says that during July and August 2008 protests in Jammu and Kashmir have risen to the levels unseen in recent years.|
|May 30,2009||Indian men in uniform kill two Kashmiri women Nelofar Jan (22) and her sister-in-law Aasiya Jan (17) in Shopian after molestating them. The tragedy shocks the entire Valley, which leads to the spontaneous protests. After the tragic incident Shopian town observes a complete shutdown for 47 days against the failure of the occupation authorities to identify and punish the killers.|
|June 11,2009||Amnesty International in a statement issued in New York denounces sexual assault and murder of the two Kashmiri women by Indian troopers in Shopian. It demands an immediate inquiry into the gory incident and repeal of discretionary powers exercised by the occupation troops. Amnesty says that protesters in Jammu and Kashmir continue to press the Indian government to pursue seriously the case whether members of the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) have raped and murdered two women Aasiya Jan and her sister-in-law, Nelofar Jan.|
|August 5,2009||Human Rights Watch, an internationally recognized human rights organization, says that India should take major steps to overhaul its policing system that facilitates and encourages human rights violations. The organization in its 118-page report, says that India has failed to deliver on promises to hold the police accountable for abuses and to build professional, rights-respecting police. The report says that Indian Police has been committing a range of human rights violations including arbitrary arrest, detention, torture and extra-judicial killings with impunity.|
|September 29,2009||The OIC Contact Group on Kashmir demands right to self-determination for the people of Kashmir, declaring that this is the only solution of the Kashmir dispute. OIC Contact Group in its meeting endorses the Kashmiris’ demand of their right to self-determination and assures its full support to them. Condemning in strongest terms rampant human rights violations in occupied Kashmir by Indian troops, the Group urges that the conflict over Kashmir should be resolved in accordance with the relevant UN resolutions. The group welcomes the Sharm El-Sheikh understanding reached at between the Pak-India prime ministers, which has said that both countries should explore the solution of their problems through talks|
|November 15,2009||A committee of the UN General Assembly (UNGA) adopts a Pakistan-sponsored resolution reaffirming the people’s right to self-determination, calling for cessation of foreign military intervention, occupation and repression. The resolution, approved by consensus, will serve to focus the world’s attention on struggle by the people for their right to self-determination in occupied Kashmir and Palestine.|
|November 20,2009|| The Amnesty International asks the US President, Barack Obama to address the issue of human rights violations being perpetrated by Indian troops in occupied Kashmir during the forthcoming visit of the Indian Prime Minister, Manmohan Singh to the US. Amnesty’s Executive Director, Larry Cox in a letter to the US President writes that the Indian side of Kashmir is an area where Indian forces are committing mass human rights abuses with impunity under the protection of the Armed Forces Special Powers Act and other similar laws. He maintains that the civilian population of Kashmir has paid a high price for the conflict and thousands had disappeared over the years. He calls upon the US President to secure a meaningful commitment from the Indian Prime Minister to improve human rights situation in Kashmir.
The US Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton in an interview with the BBC says that America encourages India and Pakistan to resume the dialogue process, which is halted after Mumbai terrorist attack.
|December 11,2009||The Amnesty International in a statement in London reiterates its call to the Indian government to repeal Armed Forces Special Powers Act, which allows Indian troops to violate basic human rights of civilians with impunity.|
|December 23,2009||The World Bank refuses to accept Jammu and Kashmir as an integral part of India. Regarding financing of a key project, the Bank insists on a disclaimer from the puppet authorities that the funding of projects in the disputed area should not be used to endorse India’s claim on the territory.|
|February 12,2010||The Human Rights Watch in a statement issued in New York asks the Indian authorities to investigate and appropriately punish senior officer of Indian Border Security Force involved in the killing of a teenager, Zahid Farooq, in occupied Kashmir.
Norwegian Parliamentary Group on Kashmir is reconstituted at the parliament house during a meeting presided over by Knut Arild Hareide, the Group’s Chairman and the member of Christian Democrat Party (KrF). The group is reconstituted and its new Chairman is elected in light of changes in the outcome of parliamentary election in September 2009. Heads of various parties in the Norwegian Parliament nominate their representatives to the Group.
The authorities slap fresh cases under draconian law, Public Safety Act against the illegally detained Hurriyet leaders, Shabbir Ahmad Shah, Nayeem Ahmad Khan and Firdous Ahmad Shah.
|March 1,2010||Complete shutdown is observed against the reckless destruction by Indian troops during their five-day siege and search operations in Sopore town. Call for the strike is given by the forum patronized by veteran Kashmiri Hurriyet leader, Syed Ali Gilani to draw world attention towards the state terrorism unleashed by India in the occupied territory. Forceful anti-India demonstrations, marked by clashes between the troops and demonstrators, are held in Sopore town while the occupation authorities seal the downtown areas of Srinagar..|
|March 2,2010||The Secretary General of the Organization of the Islamic Conference, Professor Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu, in a statement at the High Level Segment of the 13th Session of the Human Rights Council held in Geneva, describes the resumption of engagement between Pakistan and India as a positive development. He says that the OIC is keen to encourage efforts for promoting and protecting human rights of the people of Jammu and Kashmir. He calls for adopting a holistic approach that covers all human rights for all individuals and peoples|
|April 01,2010||A report published by the United Nations International Children Emergency Fund (UNICEF) says that at least one-lac Kashmiri children who have been orphaned during the last two decades in occupied Kashmir due to continued Indian state terrorism are living in miserable condition.|
|April 13,2010||The Organization of Islamic Conference expresses serious concern over the absence of any significant progress regarding resolution of the Kashmir dispute and calls for implementation of the relevant UN Security Council resolutions. Addressing the senior officials’ preparatory meeting for the 37th session of the Council of Foreign Ministers in Jeddah, the OIC Secretary General, Professor Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu says that the situation in occupied Kashmir remains unchanged and the ordeal of its people is still continuing despite the UN resolutions. He emphasizes that these resolutions acknowledged the right to self-determination of the Kashmiri people..|
|April 15,2010||The annual report prepared by Brussels-based International Federation of Journalists says that Jammu and Kashmir continues to pose serious challenges for journalism as the media men face strict restrictions in filing their reports|
|May 27,2010||The Canadian government refuses visa to a retired Lieutenant General of the Indian army, Amrik Bahia on the ground that the Indian army personnel are involved in human rights violations in occupied Kashmir.|
|May 28,2010||The London-based world human rights body, Amnesty International in its annual report says that despite ongoing protests in occupied Kashmir, the authorities refuse to repeal the draconian law, Armed Forces Special Powers Act. The Amnesty report points out that the Indian government has failed to ensure accountability for human rights abuses. It maintains that the impunity has been persisting for past offences including enforced disappearances of thousands of people during the uprising in Kashmir since 1989.|
|May 29,2010||Complete shutdown is observed in the Kashmir Valley to protest against the visit of the Chairperson of Indian National Congress, Sonia Gandhi to Jammu. Call for the shutdown is given by veteran Kashmiri Hurriyet leader, Syed Ali Gilani, who remains under illegal detention for the second consecutive day. The shutdown is intended to convey to Sonia Gandhi that the people of Kashmir condemn Indian state terrorism in the territory.|
|June 04,2010||The Prime Minister of Pakistan, Syed Yousuf Raza Gilani says that Pakistan wants a peaceful resolution of the Kashmir dispute with India through dialogue and feels that the issue has held hostage the peace and stability of the entire region. Syed Yousuf Raza Gilani says this during his meeting in Brussels with the Chairman of Kashmir Centre, Barrister Abdul Majeed Tramboo. He reiterates Pakistan’s complete moral, political and diplomatic support to the Kashmir cause.|
|June 07,2010||The International People’s Tribunal on Human Rights and Justice in Kashmir in a statement in Srinagar reiterates its demand of an impartial probe into the presence of 2700 unnamed mass graves found in Bandipore, Baramulla and Kupwara districts.|
|June 09,2010||The Human Rights Watch, in its statement taking strong exception to the fake encounter killings in occupied Kashmir, urges the government of India to repeal draconian law, Armed Forces Special Powers Act. Referring to the killing of three youth in a fake encounter by Indian army in Machil area on 30th April, the New York-based Human Rights Watch says that the incident underscores the urgency for the Indian government to repeal the draconian law.|
|June 11,2010||The London based human rights watchdog, Amnesty International in a statement urges the Indian government to allow the UN Special Representative on Extra Judicial Summary Execution to visit occupied Kashmir for an on spot study of cases of fake encounters and extra judicial killings by Indian troops.|
|July 11,2010||In Jeddah, the Secretary General of the Organization of the Islamic Conference, Professor Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu in a statement expresses serious concern and disappointment at the recent wave of violence by Indian police and troops against the people of occupied Kashmir|
|July 22,2010||In New York, Human Rights Watch in a statement says that hundreds of children are at risk of arbitrary arrests in occupied Kashmir. Meenakshi Ganguly, South Asia Director of HRW, says that the authorities in the territory need to comply with the international law and give special attention to the requirements of the children. At least 17 people, many of them young, die in Jammu and Kashmir over the past two months, the HRW says.
In London, The Amnesty International asks the Indian authorities to immediately end detention of the President of High Court Bar Association of occupied Kashmir, Mian Abdul Qayoom and General Secretary, Ghulam Nabi Shaheen.
|July 24,2010||The Front Line, an International Foundation for the Protection of Human Rights based in Dublin, Ireland, in an appeal sent to the Indian authorities and the world bodies including United Nations and European Union urges India to immediately release the illegally detained President of High Court Bar Association of occupied Kashmir, Mian Abdul Qayoom and General Secretary, Ghulam Nabi Shaheen.|
|September 04,2010||In India, the human rights group People’s Tribunal demands withdrawal of draconian law, Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA), and reduction of Indian troops in occupied Kashmir. The former Bombay high court judge, H Suresh, who heads the People’s Tribunal, talking to media men in New Delhi, urges setting up of a special judicial authority for an independent and thorough inquiry into gross human rights violations, including those related to disappearances and custodial killings in occupied Kashmir.|
|September 19,2010||The women organizations in India, Independent Women’s Initiative for Justice and Saheli besides women rights activists in a press statement in New Delhi strongly condemn the reinstatement of four Indian police officials involved in tampering of evidence in Shopian rape and murder case. They maintain that the police rights from the beginning are trying to dismiss the rape and murder of two Kashmiri women whose badly bruised bodies have been found in Rambiara Nallah in Shopian on May 30, 2009. The statement terms the reinstatement of the officials as the mockery of justice system.|
|October 03,2010||The US Congressman, Dan Burton, in his speech on the floor of the House of Representatives, seeks intervention of the Obama Administration in resolving the Kashmir dispute. He maintains that during the Presidential campaign, President Obama has pledged to appoint a special envoy to the region and has declared that settling the Kashmir crisis is one of his critical tasks. “So far, this has been a promise unfulfilled,” Dan Burton says.|
|October 09,2010||The UN Secretary General, Ban Ki-Moon, in a media interview in New York expresses concern over the worsening situation in occupied Kashmir. He sympathizes with the Kashmiri families who have lost their beloved ones in the firing of Indian troops during peaceful pro-freedom demonstrations across the occupied territory.|
|October 15,2010||The London-based Amnesty International in a statement urges India to address the issue of torture of Kashmiri detainees and ensure the protection of their human rights. The Amnesty says that Indian troops are perpetrating the gross rights abuses with impunity due to the invocation of draconian laws like Armed Forces Special Forces (AFSPA) in the occupied territory.|
|October 20,2010||The Norwegian Parliament issues a schedule to hold a debate on the Kashmir dispute from November 15, taking serious note of the human rights violations in occupied Kashmir. Media reports say that the Norwegian Foreign Minister, Jonas Gahr Store, will release a policy statement on Kashmir after the debate. The Kashmir Committee Chairman, Knut Arild Hareide, mentions in his motion that Kashmir resolution was necessary for bringing peace in Afghanistan.
The speaker of the Norwegian Parliament while accepting the motion for debate in the parliament releases the schedule.
|January 20,2011||The Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC) in a declaration adopted at a meeting of an OIC panel in Abu Dhabi expresses strong support for the settlement of the longstanding Kashmir dispute in accordance with the UN resolutions and aspirations of the Kashmiri people.|
|January 24,2011||New York -based Human Rights Watch, in its World Report 2011, deplores that Indian troops have been using excessive force in suppressing street protests in occupied Kashmir. The report says that the clashes between the protesters and police resulted in more than 100 deaths in 2010. It maintains that several of the killed and injured are children. The report points out that the children detained for participating in protests by the Indian authorities in the occupied territory are held in jails with adults, which is violation of the juvenile justice law.|
|February 23,2011||In Islamabad, a declaration passed at a roundtable conference says that the latest uprising in occupied Kashmir has proved it beyond any doubt that the Kashmir liberation movement is an indigenous, genuine and legitimate struggle for freedom. It says, major world powers have to recognize the urgency of the settlement of the Kashmir dispute on the basis of right to self-determination. The conference is organized by the Justice Foundation London and addressed among others by the AJK President and Prime Minister, Raja Muhammad Zulqarnain Khan, Sardar Attique Ahmed Khan, British Members of Parliament, Lord Nazir Ahmed, Richard Harrington, Andrew Griffiths and Simon Danczuk, Professor Nazir Ahmed Shawl, Dr Ghulam Nabi Fai, Sardar Muhammad Anwar Khan, Sardar Khalid Ibraheem, Justice (Retd) Abdul Majeed Malik, Ghulam Muhammad Safi, Muhammad Farooq Rehmani and Sheikh Tajammul-ul-Islam.|
|March 12,2011||Complete shutdown is observed in occupied Kashmir against illegal detention of Hurriyet leaders and to draw the world attention towards gross human rights violations by Indian troops in the territory. Call for the shutdown has been given by veteran Kashmiri Hurriyet leader, Syed Ali Gilani.|
|March 20,2011||The London-based global rights watchdog, the Amnesty International in its report castigates India for gross human rights violations by its troops in occupied Kashmir urging the Indian government to revoke draconian law, Public Safety Act. The Amnesty says that estimates of the number detained under the PSA over the past two decades in the territory range from 8,000-20,000. It maintains that 322 people have been detained between January and September 2010, under the black law that empowers the authorities to detain people for up to two years without producing them to the courts of law.|
|March 21,2011||Amnesty International, in his report “A Lawless Law” termed the Public Safety Act (PSA) a “Lawless Law “and asked the State Government to repeal it. Amnesty International criticize the authorities for using administrative detention as a tool to hold hundreds of people each year without charge or trial in order to keep them out of circulation.|
|April 08,2011||In occupied Kashmir, a leading Kashmiri religious scholar and the President of Jamiat-e-Ahl-e-Hadith, Maulana Showkat Ahmad Shah dies in a blast at Maisuma in Srinagar. A civilian, Munir Ahmad Mir, is critically injured in the incident. Maulana Showkat Ahmad Shah has been actively involved in the liberation struggle for the last 22 years. The blast rocks the locality, minutes after the Maulana and other people arrive at a mosque to offer Juma prayers.|
|April 15,2011||The Amnesty International in a statement issued in London demands of the Indian authorities to release a teenage Kashmiri boy, Murtaza Manzoor, who is detained under draconian law, Public Safety Act.
In Mecca, thousands of people participate in the funeral prayers in absentia of martyred Kashmiri religious scholar, Maulana Showkat Ahmad Shah. The prayers are led by Imam-e-Ka’aba, Sheikh Abdul Rehman Al-Sudais.
|May 19,2011||The Amnesty International’s Asia-Pacific Director, Sam Zarifi, in a statement urges the authorities in occupied Kashmir to immediately release a teenage protester who has been re-arrested this week after release from three-month illegal detention under draconian law, Public Safety Act. Murtaza Manzoor, 17, is briefly released from prison after the High Court finds that his detention is unlawful. But Indian police immediately re-arrests him. He says that Indian police are playing a game with the judiciary. “Courts order release of persons only for the police to wait outside prison to re-arrest them. This farce should stop,” he adds|
|May 28,2011||Prominent Indian human rights activist, Gautam Navlakha is arrested by Indian police immediately after he arrives at the Srinagar Airport, the step is taken to prevent him from visiting the occupied territory to assess the current human rights situation|
|The New York-based Human Rights Watch urges India to repeal draconian law, Armed Forces Special Powers Act, which has led to widespread rights violations in occupied Kashmir. In a letter written to the Indian Prime Minister, Manmohan Singh, the Human Rights Watch Director Asia Division, Brad Adams, says that the Indian troopers involved in serious human rights abuses remain unaccountable because of the immunity provided to them under the AFSPA. The letter also emphasizes that another black law, Public Safety Act, in force in the occupied territory should also be revoked as it is being used to hold hundreds of people in arbitrary detentions.
In Geneva, while taking part in general debate in the United Nations Human Rights Council, Kashmiri representatives, Altaf Hussain Wani, Syed Faiz Naqashbandi and Ishtiyaq Hameed, say that the denial of right to self-determination to the Kashmiri people has led to a regime of human rights abuses in occupied Kashmir.
|The London-based Amnesty International starts a worldwide signature campaign seeking protection of the rights of children and teenagers in occupied Kashmir.|
|The UN Human Rights Council urges the Indian government to conduct a thorough, prompt and impartial investigations into the civilian killings during last year’s uprising and also in fake encounters in occupied Kashmir. The plea is made in a report of Christof Heyns, the UN Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial summary or arbitrary executions that has been presented in the 17th session of the Council recently. The report details the killings from January 1 to August 7, last year, and also highlights the curbs on media persons and their harassment besides those of human rights activists and lawyers including the President of High Court Bar Association, Mian Abdul Qayoom. The report deplores that the international community has failed in rescuing the Kashmiri people from genocide and tyranny at the hands of Indian troops and police.|
|The UN Secretary General, Ban Ki-moon, addressing a press conference in New York says that the Kashmir dispute needs to be resolved peacefully through dialogue between Pakistan and India and that he will discuss with the leaders of both the countries on how he can help in the process. He says, “I will have opportunities in the future, as in the past, to discuss the matter with leaders of both Pakistan and India how we can help or how this issue could be resolved peacefully through dialogue.”|
|Queen Noor of Jordan addressing a function in Londonurges the international community to resolve the disputes over Kashmir and Palestine besides de-nuclearisation of the world. She says that both Pakistan and India are possessing nuclear weapons and without peaceful settlement of the Kashmir dispute the efforts for de-nuclearisation will be meaningless.|
|The All-Party Group on Kashmir in the European Parliament (APGK) in association with the Kashmir Centre European Union organizes the 7th Annual Kashmir EU Week (11th – 15th July) in the European Parliament in Brussels. The exhibition is dedicated to the Amnesty International Report “A Lawless Law” under the sponsorship of Chris Davies MEP and Ivo Vajgl MEP.The event attracts a host of MEPs, decision-makers, scholars, jurists and academics together with members of the NGO community and human rights experts from across the Europe and beyond. In his opening remarks, Chris Davies MEP, Vice-Chairman of the APGK says that the Kashmir dispute seems increasingly intractable but there is ample evidence that even such long running conflicts can be resolved if there is the will from all interested parties as well as the international community.|
|July 18,2011||Raquya Bano,30 year old a young married women was brutally gang raped consecutively for two days by the man in uniform in Manzgam area of|
|The Association of Parents of Disappeared Persons says that the estimated 1,500 Kashmiri half widows whose husbands have disappeared in custody during the last 22 years are facing immense socio-economic insecurities and their children are traumatized. The Association in its report released in Srinagar says that the civil society groups addressing the problems of half widows are hampered by prevalent laws and dearth of resources. The report urges India to pass immediately a special legislation on enforced disappearances in line with the international convention for the protection of all persons from enforced disappearances.|
|July 30, 2011
|In New York, a statement issued by the UN Secretary General’s Office says that the Secretary General, Ban Ki-moon, encourages Pakistan and India to resolve their outstanding issues through dialogue in the interest of the regional security|
|In occupied Kashmir, the Public Commission on Human Rights says that 173 cases of custodial killings and fake encounters have occurred in the territory from November 2002 till date. The Commission in a report says that from November 2, 2002, to November 2, 2005, 122 cases of custodial killings and fake encounters are reported. “From November 23, 2005 to June 6, 2008, 42 cases are reported and since January 2009 till date 9 cases of custodial killings and fake encounters take place in the territory,” it says.
Radha Kumar, one of the three interlocutors appointed by India on Kashmir, resigns after developing difference with her colleague, MM Ansari. Media reports in New Delhi say that Radha Kumar in a letter to the Indian Home Minister, P Chidambaram, says, she doesn’t want to be associated with her colleague MM Ansari. Ansari, who is a former information commissioner, has criticised Kumar for attending a Kashmir seminar in Europe.
|Indian police beat up and detain two photojournalists identified as Showkat Shafi of Aljazeera and Narciso of an American press agency, Zuma Press, when they have been covering anti-India protests in Nowhatta area of Srinagar.|
|An official inquiry reveals that there are as many as 2156 unidentified bodies buried in unmarked graves at 38 sites in the Kashmir Valley. A report released after a probe by the investigative wing of the Human Rights Commission of occupied Kashmir says that there are 1277 unidentified bodies in Kupwara, 851 in Baramulla, and 14 each in Bandipore and Handwara. The report says that of the bodies, a few are defaced, 20 are charred, 5 only have skulls remaining, and there are at least 18 graves with more than one body each.|
|A video circulated in the Kashmir Valley shows a person being shot dead by Indian troops from point blank range after helping him getting out of the rubble of a house. The caption of the video clip posted on YouTube reads, “Indian Army soldiers accompanied by a senior officer are shooting from point blank at an unarmed man in Pulwama district on July 8, 2011. This is the clear evidence of the war crimes committed by Indian soldiers in occupied Kashmir. An unarmed man is clearly seen waving his hand and he can be heard shouting in pain underneath the rubble of the house destroyed by Indian troops with mortars and rockets.”|
|The London-based Amnesty International in a statement urges India to allow impartial forensic experts to investigate the unnamed graves in occupied Kashmir. The Amnesty says that the investigation of graves needs to be widened to the entire occupied territory. “All unmarked graves sites must be secured and investigations carried out by impartial forensic experts,” it says.|
|The New York-based Human Rights Watch demands that the Indian authorities should immediately open an independent, transparent and credible investigation into the unmarked graves in occupied Kashmir and should deliver justice by prosecuting the responsible persons. The Human Rights Watch’s Director for South Asia in a statement released in New Delhi and some other places in the world refers to the latest revelation of 2,730 dead bodies dumped into the unmarked graves. He says that the Kashmiris lament their lost loved ones but their pleas are ignored and dismissed by the government of India.|
|In a significant development, the first of its nature, a general debate is held on Kashmir in the British House of Commons. The debate is initiated by a conservative MP, Steve Baker, who demands that an international commission should investigate the human rights violations in occupied Kashmir. Referring to an Amnesty International report, MP Baker says, each year hundreds of Kashmiri people are held under the black law, Public Safety Act, without charge or trial and many are exposed to higher risk of torture and other forms of ill-treatment.
An MP from Labour Party, Shabana Mahmood, maintains that the Kashmir dispute has become one of the most dangerous conflicts in the world that needs an urgent attention.
Several MPs, including lan Austin, Jonathan Lord and Andrew Griffiths, advocate Kashmir settlement through giving the Kashmiris their right to self-determination.
|In New York, hundreds of Kashmiris and Sikhs stage separate demonstrations in front of the United Nations building when the Indian Prime Minister, Manmohan Singh, addresses the 66th session of the UN General Assembly. The demonstrators urge the international community to raise its voice against the atrocities being faced by the people of occupied Kashmir and Indian state of Punjab at the hands of Indian forces.|
|A report released by the Research Section of Kashmir Media Service on the occasion of the Universal Children’s Day, reveals that unabated Indian state terrorism has rendered 107,434 Kashmiri children orphaned from January 1989 till date. The report points out that 754 children were among those 93,709 Kashmiris, who were killed by Indian troops during the period.|
|In occupied Kashmir, the authorities impose curfew and other restrictions besides deploying hundreds of Indian troops and police personnel in Srinagar to prevent people from taking out Muharram processions. Despite curfew, people take out processions in Jehangir Chowk and Maisuma areas. However, Indian police and troops resort to heavy baton charge and excessive teargas shelling, injuring many mourners. The police also arrest more than 200 people including Hurriyet leaders and activists.|
|In Srinagar, the authorities impose undeclared curfew and other stringent restrictions to prevent people from taking out Aashura processions. The authorities also deploy heavy contingents of Indian troops and paramilitary personnel in the city, blocking all exit and entry points. The Indian police and troops use brute force on the mourners in Jahangir Chowk and Dalgate areas, resulting in injuries to several persons. Dozens of people including pro-freedom leaders are arrested on the occasion.
Hundreds of people take to the streets in protest against the beating of the civilians by Indian troops at Satkozi village in Handwara. The protesters say that the troops have entered the houses and indiscriminately thrashed the inmates without any reason. They demand revocation of Armed Forces Special Powers Act and other draconian laws that give immunity to the troops.
|The London-based Amnesty International in a statement posted on its website reacts strongly to the illegal detention of a teenage boy, Murtaza Manzoor, by Indian police in occupied Kashmir under black law, Public Safety Act, for the third time, this year. The statement terming the detention of the boy against the Indian law and the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Child calls for his immediate release.|
|The Asian Center for Human Rights, a New Delhi-based human rights organization, says that Indian troops are using lethal weapons while dealing with the protests in occupied Kashmir in clear violation of the UN standards. The Asian Centre for Human Rights spokesperson, Suhas Chakma, in an article says that in most of the cases, the troops are shooting the protesters above the waist to cause maximum damage, including killing or impairment for life.|
|The New York-based rights watchdog, the Human Rights Watch, in its World Report 2012 says that India fails to repeal the widely discredited Armed Forces Special Powers Act in occupied Kashmir and to hold human rights violators accountable during 2011. About the discovery of 2,730 unmarked graves in the occupied territory, the report says, Kashmiris believe that victims of fake encounter killings or enforced disappearances might have been buried in these graves.|
|February 07,2012||The Amnesty International, a London-based world human rights organization, reiterates its demand for the repeal of the black law, Armed Forces Special Powers Act from occupied Kashmir. Amnesty International’s Asia-Pacific Director, Sam Zarifi, in a statement posted on the official website of the world human rights body, says that Indian army personnel facing charges of serious violations of human rights must stand trial, instead of hiding behind the controversial Armed Forces Special Powers Act.|
|Brad Adams, Director Human Rights Watch Asia, in a letter to the President of the European Council and President of the European Commission urges them to take up the issue of black law, Armed Forces Special Powers Act, and human rights violations in occupied Kashmir with the Indian government during their dialogue at their upcoming summit in New Delhi. He says that the use of AFSPA has led to the widespread violations and suffering in Jammu and Kashmir and in the Indian northeastern states|
|The UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders, Margaret Sekaggya, recommending the repealing of black laws, Armed Forces Special Powers Act and Public Safety Act, calls for prompt, thorough and impartial investigations into violations committed against human rights activists in occupied Kashmir. Releasing her report based on eye accounts and interactions with the Kashmiris during her previous year’s visit to the territory, Margaret Sekaggya says that the lawyers, operating in Jammu and Kashmir, are asked by the authorities whether they are with or against them. She says that six lawyers have been killed in recent years because they have been representing victims of human rights violations in the territory.|
|The United Nations Working Group on Human Rights in its report submitted to the UN General Assembly expresses serious concern over the allegations of enforced disappearances between 1989-2009 and presence of mass graves in occupied Kashmir.
According to 170-page report prepared by the UN Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances, the operations by military and paramilitary forces between 1989 and 2009 in Kashmir have resulted in more than 8,000 enforced and involuntary disappearances. It says that in the majority of instances related to enforced disappearances, civilians have been detained during cordon and search operations. The report also acknowledges the findings of civil society groups discovering 2,700 graves, between April 2008 and November 2009, in Baramulla, Kupwara and Bandipora districts of occupied Kashmir. It maintains that numerous exhumed bodies that have been found in unknown graves are identified as local inhabitants, both civilian and militant, who have been victims of extra-judicial executions. The Working Group deplores that India has not responded to its general allegations sent to it on various instances in 2011.
|The OIC Contact Group on Jammu and Kashmir during its meeting on the sidelines of the ongoing session of the United Nations Human Rights Council in Geneva, reaffirms its support to the Kashmiris’ struggle for securing their inalienable right to self-determination. It also expresses serious concern over the situation of human rights in occupied Kashmir.|
|The UN Special Reporter, Christof Heyns, releasing an interim report In New Delhi at the end of his 12-day visit to India and occupied Kashmir terms the black law, Armed Forces Special Powers Act, as a symbol of excessive state power that has resulted in consuming innocent lives in occupied Kashmir and Indian state of Assam. The UN official says that he is set to draft a report based on his findings and his final recommendations will be presented to the UN Human Rights Council, next year.|
|The New York-based Human Rights Watch urges the UN Secretary General to impress upon India to repeal draconian law, Armed Forces Special Powers Act, from occupied Kashmir. The rights watchdog in a statement posted on its official website maintains that Ban Ki-moon should press the Indian government to address serious human rights violations such as extrajudicial killings and widespread torture in the territory.|
|The UN Secretary General, Ban Ki-moon, addressing a press conference in New Delhi advocates peaceful settlement of the Kashmir dispute. He says that the dispute should be resolved without resorting to any violence and fully respecting the human rights and sentiments of the Kashmiri people.
The Human Rights Watch’s Director for South Asia, Meenakashi Ganguly, in a media interview in New Delhi says that peace cannot be restored in the Kashmir Valley until the Indian troops and police personnel involved in excesses in the territory are brought to justice. She says that there is anger among the Kashmiri people about the inaction against the troops and police personnel involved in the human rights violations.
|May1,2012||The Supreme Court of India asks the Indian Army authorities to decide whether its personnel involved in fake encounter killings in Occupied Kashmir and Assam should be tried by court Martial processing or by regular criminal court|
|May 16,2012||In London British MP,Dr.Denis MacShane in a wide ranging speech in the House of commons on the country’s foreign policy criticize his government for its silence over human rights violations in Occupied Kashmir.|
|June 1,2012||The UN Human Rights Council deplore that India has been dodging the implementation of the recommendation for repeal and review of the draconian law, Armed Forces Special Power Act.|
|September 3,2012||In New York, the Human Rights Watch in a statement calls upon India to repeal the black law, Armed Forces Special Power Act and accept other recommendations made by Unites Nations member states at the UN’s Universal Periodic Review to address New Delhi’s more serious problems.|
|September 16,2012||A member of British Parliament, George Galloway, announces to lead a relief caravan from Britain to occupied Kashmir by road.|
|September 19,2012||A report titled ‘Human Rights in Flames’ documenting rights violations by India armed forces in occupied Kashmir are launched in Geneva. The report consisting of 169 recommendations for India has been prepared by International Council for Human Rights (ICHR) with support from eight other human rights NGOs. It urges New Dehli to meet the relevant international standards on human rights.|
|September 20,2012||China says that Pakistan and India should resolve the Kashmir dispute through talks. Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman, Hong Lei, at a media briefing I Beijing says that China’s stand on Kashmir remains clear and consistent that it is an issue to be resolved by India and Pakistan through negotiations. “Kashmir is left over (by history) between India and Pakistan, China maintains that the relevant issue be resolved through dialogue and negotiations between India and Pakistan,” he says. Hong dismisses as entirely groundless the Indian Army Chief, General Bikram Singh’s assertion that Chinese soldiers are present in Azad Jammu and Kashmir. The All Parties Hurriyet Conference Chairman, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq, leads a demonstration outside the UN office in Geneva against the anti-Islam film in the US. Addressing on the occasion, he says that freedom of speech cannot be used as pretext to justify such repugnant activities and a red line has to be drawn. The Mirwaiz also maintains that the UN cannot shy away from its responsibility regarding the settlement of the Kashmir dispute in accordance with the Kashmir ‘aspirations.|
|September 27,2012||Complete strike is observed in occupied Kashmir to convey to the visiting Indian President, Pranab Mukherjee, that the Kashmiris reject India’s illegal occupation of the territory.|
|October 01,2012||An Australian artist, Alan Hunt, organizes a pictorial exhibition in Sydney to pay tributes to the Kashimiri youth, who were killed in occupied Kashmir during the uprising of 2010. The exhibition “Cups of Nun Chai” organized at the Mori Gallery in Sydney shows Alana’s bond with occupied Kashmir. Her project “Brewing Memories- Tasting Kashmir” is her way of paying tributes to those who were killed in 2010 in the Kashmir valley. Alana has witnessed the uprising during her stay the valley.|
|October 13, 2012||The Amnesty international in a statement issued in New Dehli condemns the puppet administration of occupied Kashmir for continuing to use the draconian law, Public Safety Act, to detain people without charge or trial in violation of their human rights. It deplores that the authorities often keep persons in detention even after the detentions are quashed by the High Court of the territory. Ananth Guruswamy, Director Amnesty International India, demands repeal of the PSA from the occupied territory terming the Act against the international human right law.|
|October 17,2012||The Amnesty International reiterates that the draconian Law, Public Safety Act, affective in occupied Kashmir is a Lawless that must be revoked. A three-member team of the Amnesty headed by its Director Program for India, Shashi Kumar Velath, talking to newsmen in Srinagar expresses serious concern over the lack of determination by the authorities to repeal the Act. The team observes that detaining a person on mere suspicion is a violation of human rights and anyone detained must be produced before a court of law. The other two members of the team include Ms Sunita and Rahilla Narchoor.|
|December 10,2012||Home Minister Shushil kumar Shinde said the controversial Armed forces special powers Act (AFSPA) will not be withdrawn from Jammu and Kashmir until the situation in the State is completely peaceful.|
|December 28,2012||One person was killed and 15 civilians injured when troops fired on protestors in Pulwama at two different places.|
|January 10,2013||In occupied Kashmir, a human rights organization, voice of Victims, on January 10,2013 in a report revealed the presence of more than 60 unmarked and mass graves in Budgam and Srinagar districts.|
|January 11,2013||The Asian Center for Human Rights, a New Delhi-based human rights organization, says that Indian troops are using lethal weapons while dealing with the protests in occupied Kashmir in clear violation of the UN standards. The Asian Center for Human Rights spokesperson, Suhas Chakma, in an article says that is most of the cases, the troops are shooting the protesters above the waist to cause maximum damage, including killing or impairment for life.|
|January 20,2013||India Home Minister Shushil Kumar Shinde, said on January 20, 2013 that fanatic Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) and Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) were fanning Hindu terrorism by running training camps. Shsuhil Kumar Shinde at the All India Congress Committee (AiCC) meeting in Jaipur Said, “Reports have come during investigation that BJP and RSS conduct terror training camps to spread terrorism. Bombs were planted in Samjhauta Expres, Makah Masjid and also a blast was carried out in Malegaon. We will have to think about it seriously and will have to remain alert.”|
|January 27,2013||A Naib Subedar of Indian Army Kidnapped and molested a 12th class girl student in Baramulla.|
|February 02,2013||Hindu extremists beat up three Kashmiri students identified as Gulzar, Aamir and Maqsood, in a hostel of Bundelkhand University in Uttar Paradesh, India.|
|February 03,2013||Four boys, Amjad Ahmed Khan, Momin Ahmad Rather, Kasier and Mehrajudin, were injured in a blast at Aragam, Chatti Bandi in Bandipore. The Indian police arrested Tehreek-e-Hurriyet leader, Muhammad Asraf Sehrai, Dr.Ghulam Muhammad Ganai and Sheikh Mushtaq Ahmad, from Newa when they were on their way to Changam area of Pulwama to attend a Seerat Conference.|
|February 09,2013||India secretly hanged the 43 year old Kashmiri, Muhammad Afzal Guru at Tehar Jail New Delhi in 2001,Indian Parliament attack case. The authorities imposed curfew in Occupied Kashmir to prevent people from holding demonstrations against the judicial murder of Muhammad Afzal Guru|
|February 12,2013||The puppet authorities continued to impose indefinite curfew in the valley for the fourth day running. Scores of people were injured when Indian forces used excessive force on protestors in Srinagar, Badgam, Gandarbal, Islamabad ,Pulwama, Shopian, Kolgam, upwara,Bandipura and Baramula areas.|
|April 17,2013||President Asif Ali Zardari in his address to the joint session of the Azad Jammu & Kashmir Legislative Assembly and AJK Council said, “India should not tread the path of violence and grant the Kashmiris their birth right of self determination according to the UN resolutions. Pakistan always wants good relations with all its neighbors, including India and only the composite dialogue is the key to the peaceful settlement of the Kashmir conflict, which has remained unresolved for the last 65 years as the world community could not get the issue settle in line with the international norms and commitments”.|
|April 24,2013||The authorities once again invoked draconian law, Public Safety Act, against the illegally detained senior leader|
|May 24,2013||Care taker Prime Minster Pakistan, Justice (Retd.) Mir Hazar Khan Khoso, during a meeting with Prime Minister Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Chaudhry Abdul Majeed said, “Pakistan will continue extending moral and diplomatic support to the Kashmir cause. Pakistan is ready for constructive engagement through composite dialogue with India the resolution of all outstanding issues including the core issue of Kashmir,”|
|June 10,2013||President Asif Ali Zardari in his address to the joint sitting of the Parliament said, “Pakistan seeks peaceful settlement of the water dispute and resolution of the Jammu & Kashmir dispute with India…….We seek a peaceful resolution of Jammu and Kashmir issue in accordance with the wishes of the Kashmiri People.”|
|June 12,2013||An Indian policeman molested a woman at Dayalachak Morr in Kathua.|
|June 15,2013||Indian army sponsored village defense committee had of Fazal Abad raped a minor girl at Quadian village of Haveli Tehsil in Punchdistrict.FIR No 77 of 2013 under section 293 RPC & IT Act has been registered at police station Punch.|
|July 20,2013||Meenakshi Ganguly,Director Human Rights Watch South Asia in her statement said” “The Indian government should appoint an independent commission to promptly and transparently investigate the killing of four protestors by Border Security Force(BSF) troops in Jammu and Kashmir. The Govt. should act to end the BSF’s Long standing impunity for a large number of killings over many years”.|
|July 21,2013||Secretary General OIC, Professor Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu in his statement in Jeddah(Saudi Arabia)said, “We are deeply concerned and condemn the recent wave of violence against the people of Kashmir by Indian Forces which reportedly caused the death and injury to a number of Kashmiri people. We appeal to the Indian authorities to show restraint, avoid excessive use of force, and respect the people’s will and rights in order to help improve the situation in Kashmir and the wider region”.|
|July 22,2013||Indian police molested and beat up 7 month pregnant women wife of Sursh Kumar at Potha village of Kalakot area in Rajouri district.|
|July 26,2013||Indian Army sponsored armed group village defense committee member Hadara Kantwara kidnapped and raped a 15-year old girl Razia in Kishtwar.|
|August 14,2013||Prime Minister Pakistan Mian Muhammad Nawaz at a joint press conference with the UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon at the Prime Minister House Islamabad said, “United Nations should take practical measures for resolution of the Kashmir dispute. Kashmir is the oldest un resolved issue on the UN agenda; Pakistan wants a just and peaceful resolution of dispute in accordance with the relevant UN resolutions. We hope that UN will play its due role in resolving it. Resolution of the outstanding issue with India including the Kashmir dispute and promotion of trade and commerce are priorities of my government.”|
|August 19,2013||Prime Minister Pakistan Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif in his address to nation said, “Kashmir is the national issue and the jugular vein of Pakistan and resolution of the problem is a dearer to me as it is to any Pakistani. Pakistan and India will have to join their heads together so that they can address common issues such as poverty and ignorance.”|
|August 21,2013||The Paris based international journalists group, Reporter Without Borders in a statement condemns the curbs on freedom of information by Indian government, as telecommunications are suspended in Jammu and Kashmir on India’s Independence Day, preventing journalists gathering and reporting news and information.|
|September 12,2013||The body of Jammu and Kashmir Peoples League leader, Abudl Rasheed Sofi, was found at Kandi in Baramulla.|
|October 01,2013||The Voice of Victims (VoV) in report revealed that in Occupied Kashmir there were at least ten lakh cases of torture and a torture centre existed after every five kilometers throughout the Kashmir Valley.|
|October 7, 2013||Indian authorities detained the Jammu & Kashmir Liberation Front Chairman, Yaseen Malik,at New Delhi airport to prevent him from proceeding Nepal to meet his family in Kathmandu.|
|October 24,2013||The Voice of Victims (VoV), a local human rights forum, in report revealed that in Occupied Kashmir around 130 unidentified persons killed by troops and police buried in graveyards of Sambal area of Sonawari.|
|November 28,2013||An Indian trooper of 38 Rashtriya Rifles kidnapped and molested18 year old girl Rabia Kousar D/O Muhammad Sabir Khan R/O Sangoti tehsil Mandhar.|
|In 2013,a total of 166 people have lost their lives due to violent incidents in Jammu & Kashmir. Killing of the civilian persons were carried out by the Indian Forces.|
|January 03,2014||In occupied Kashmir, Indian police arrested the All Parties Hurriyet Conference leaders and the Chairman of Jammu and Kashmir Democratic Freedom Party, Shabbir Ahmad Shah, at Mirgund, today, to prevent him from addressing a gathering in Sopore.|
|January 04 ,2014||In occupied Kashmir, the Chairman of All Parties Hurriyet Conference, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq, has demanded reopening of all traditional routes of Jammu and Kashmir to end the crisis of essential commodities in the Kashmir Valley during winters.|
|January 05 ,2014||In occupied Kashmir, the parents of students studying in different colleges of India under the Indian Prime Minister’s Scholarship Programme have said that their children are being forced to leave colleges.
Scores of parents from different towns of the territory staged a protest at Press Enclave in Srinagar said that the college authorities in India were sacking their children on the pretext that India’s Ministry Of Human Resource Development had rejected to bear their expenses.
The aggrieved parents told media men that under the Prime Minister’s Scholarship Scheme 23 students pursuing B-Pharmacy had been admitted to Shekhawati College of Pharmacy in Rajasthan last year.
|January 26,2014||In occupied Kashmir, the authorities suspended the mobile phones and wireless internet services across the Kashmir Valley on the occasion of India’s Republic Day, today.
It has become a regular practice in the occupied territory to jam the mobile telephony and internet signals during India’s Republic Day and Independence Day functions.
|January 30 ,2014||The Kashmiris on both sides of the Line of Control (LoC) are needed to be brought together to discuss the future of their motherland, says an Australian academic, Dr Christopher Snedden.
Dr Christopher Snedden, an Australian politico-strategic analyst and author expert on South Asia, was giving a talk at the Oxford University Press bookshop in Islamabad in connection with the launch of his book “The Untold Story of the People of Azad Kashmir”. The book has been published by the Oxford University Press.
|January 30 ,2014||In occupied Kashmir, the Voice of Victims (VoV), a Srinagar-based rights forum, has said that the draconian Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) is a deadly tool, which facilitates the Indian army to not only carry out the killing of innocent people but also often murder the justice in the territory.|
|Feburary 05,2014||Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif invited the Indian government to hold a peaceful dialogue to resolve the Kashmir dispute according to the aspirations of the Kashmiri people, as people across Pakistan, Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) and Gilgit-Baltistan observed Kashmir Solidarity Day with zeal and fervor expressing solidarity with the people of occupied Kashmir.The prime minister said his government was ready to consider any proposal for the establishment of peace. “We are ready to discuss and resolve all outstanding issues with India including the Kashmir dispute,” he said while addressing a joint session of the Azad Kashmir Legislative Assembly and Kashmir Council held here in connection with the Kashmir Solidarity Day. “The future of Pakistan and Kashmir is linked to each other. Uncertainty and confrontation will continue in the region till a peaceful resolution of the Kashmir issue,” the prime minister said.|
|February 05,2014||In occupied Kashmir, a signature campaign has been launched to press for the return of mortal remains of Mohammad Maqbool Butt and Mohammad Afzal Guru from New Delhi’s Tihar jail to Kashmir.
The campaign was launched by APHC leaders Javed Ahmad Mir, Hakeem Abdur Rasheed, Abdur Rasheed Untoo, Syed Basheer Andrabi, Imtiyaz Ahmad Reshi, Jafar Kashmiri, Gulam Mustafa Butt, Ghulam Mohiuddin Mir, Shabbir Ahmad Butt, Tahoor Ahmad and others in front of Press Colony at Lal Chowk in Srinagar.
|February 08 ,2014||The United Nations (UN) is ready to mediate between India and Pakistan if the two neighbors request such assistance in resolving the Kashmir dispute. “On Kashmir, (as with other conflicts around the world), our good offices are available if both sides (India and Pakistan) were to request that. And that remains the case today,” Acting Deputy Spokesperson for the Secretary-General, Farhan Haq, said in New York. Farhan Haq was responding to a question on whether the UN chief would propose to India to sit down and talk with Pakistan to resolve the longstanding Kashmir issue.|
|February 12 ,2014||In occupied Kashmir, the puppet Chief Minister Omar Abdullah has said that at least 2,396 people are lodged in various jails of Jammu and Kashmir.|
|, February 20,2014:||In occupied Kashmir, puppet Chief Minister Omar Abdullah has acknowledged that over 9,200 youth have been booked on different charges in the territory since 2009 to January 31, 2014 and only 1800 of them have been granted amnesty by the authorities. Omar Abdullah, who is also Minister Incharge for Home, in a written reply to a question informed the so-called Assembly that out of the 1733 cases, 738 had been registered against 3,175 persons in Srinagar, 256 cases against 867 persons in Baramulla, 191 cases against 940 persons in Islamabad, 87 cases against 751 persons in Kulgam, 127 cases against 1176 persons in Pulwama, 53 cases against 420 persons in Kupwara, 79 cases against 709 persons in Shopian,75 cases against 349 persons in Ganderbal, and 127 cases against 779 persons in Bandipora.|
|March 01,2014||The United States has expressed disappointment over Indian Government’s failure to hold an inquiry into the issue of unmarked graves and continuing the arbitrary detentions under Public Safety Act in occupied Kashmir. A report commissioned by the US Congress and published by the State Department said that the authorities in Kashmir were denying permits to the people for holding public rallies. It said that Indian government had expressed its intention to conduct a probe into unmarked graves discovered in Jammu and Kashmir but no investigation was initiated yet.
The report titled ‘India 2013 Human Rights Report” and released by the US Secretary of State, John Kerry pointed out that there were reports that the government and its agents committed arbitrary or unlawful killings, including extra-judicial executions, in Kashmir. It pointed out that India continued to impose laws like Armed Forces Special Powers Act and Public Safety Act in occupied Kashmir that gave unbridled powers to its forces to fire upon and arrest people without any reason.
|March 06,2014||Kashmiri students, who had cheered for Pakistan cricket team during the Asia Cup game against India and were thrown out by the authorities at an Indian varsity, have been booked on fake charges of inciting hatred and violence.
Uttar Paradesh police registered a case against Kashmir students after Swami Vivekananda Subharti University authorities filed a complaint with the police against them.
The university claims some Kashmiri students celebrated Pakistan’s victory and raised slogans in the community hall of the hostel, which led to a clash with other students and escalated into stone-throwing.
The university suspended all 67 Kashmir students of one hostel block and asked them to leave. Around 200 Kashmir students are taking engineering and law courses in the university
|March 07,2014||A group of Kashmir students of Sharda University located at Greater Noida, UP, told the Srinagar-based English daily, Rising Kashmir, over phone that they were harassed and attacked by the fanatic Hindu students.
“At around 12 noon today, about 12 Kashmiri students were on their way to examination centre in the university. However, they were intercepted by a group of local students. They thrashed the Kashmiri students and beat them mercilessly. Our hostel was also attacked during the preceding night,” said Aasif Iqbal of Peerbagh Srinagar, who is pursuing B.Tech in Sharda University.
|March 20,2014||The Amnesty International India has asked the probable prime ministerial candidates for 2014 to reveal their stand on crucial human rights issues facing the people. In a statement, Shashikumar Velath, Programmes Director at Amnesty International India, said, “political parties have sworn to uphold constitutional values of justice, liberty, equality and dignity. But their leaders’ actions must reflect this pledge. It is essential for everyone to know where Prime Ministerial candidates stand on important human rights questions.”
“India’s next Prime Minister must show evidence of commitment to human rights. Amnesty International India is asking the declared and probable Prime Ministerial candidates of various political parties to clarify their positions on key human rights issues ahead of parliamentary elections in April and May,” Velath said.
|March 21,2014||In occupied Kashmir, while terming the authorities’ crackdown on pro-freedom leaders ahead of upcoming election drama as ridicules, the forum led by veteran Hurriyet leader, Syed Ali Gilani, has said that the action testifies their stand that the elections in the territory are merely a military operation rather than a democratic process. In a statement issued in Srinagar, said, “Elections in Jammu and Kashmir are actually a joint operation of Indian Home Ministry, Army and secret agencies by which sometimes National Conference, sometimes PDP and sometimes Congress are made successful and the candidates are selected for the posts.”|
|March 25 ,2014||The Prime Minister of Pakistan, Muhammad Nawaz Sharif, has asked the US to play its role in normalizing ties between Pakistan and India and said that issues between the two neighboring countries should be resolved. Muhammad Nawaz Sharif talking to reporters after a meeting with the US Secretary of State, John Kerry, in Hague said that India was hesitating to resolve the Kashmir dispute bilaterally. “If India is not willing to include a third force in resolving the Kashmir issue then the US will have to play its role in ensuring a normal situation in the region,” he added.|
|March 29 ,2013||The veteran Kashmiri Hurriyet leader, Syed Ali Gilani, has said that the Kashmiri people will not accept anything less than complete freedom from India.|
|March 31 ,2014||In occupied Kashmir, the less social freedom that women in Kashmir have has resulted in their lesser empowerment, says a research report.
The study titled “Study of Women Empowerment in Kashmir In Relation To Social Freedom” has been conducted by Kamalpreet Kaur, an Assistant Professor in the Education Department of Lovely University, Phagwara, Punjab in India. To find out the difference between women empowerment and social freedom of women in Kashmir, the study was conducted on 120 women teachers and students in two southern districts—Shopian and Kulgam in occupied Kashmir.
The survey revealed that women empowerment and women social freedom in Kashmir are not significantly related to each other. “The reason may be the threading and suppressed culture of Kashmir in which the women who are enjoying social freedom do not feel empowered due to their snubbed voices at some levels,” according to the study.
It was also found that there exists a negative relationship in women empowerment and social freedom of women. In other words, women in Kashmir enjoy less social freedom and empowerment. “The reason being that in Kashmir there are some religious restrictions and social bondages which do not allow women to get maximum social freedom,” says the study.
It says that the culture in Kashmir “is so constructed that women are not able to think about their freedom.
|April11,2014||In occupied Kashmir, the forum patronized by veteran Hurriyet leader, Syed Ali Gilani, has said that it is not against the democracy or the democratic process, but in presence of more than 750,000 Indian troops, the election drama doesn’t hold any importance and credibility.
The forum General Secretary, Ghulam Nabi Sumjhi, chairing a meeting of its Executive Council in Srinagar said, “We are not against the democracy or the democratic process, but in presence of more than 7.5 lakh foreign forces, the election drama doesn’t hold any importance and credibility and it becomes a military operation rather than a democratic process in the occupied territory.”
|Aril25,2014||In occupied Kashmir, the APHC Chairman, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq, and other Hurriyet leaders including Syed Ali Gilani and Muhammad Yasin Malik have said that peoples’ boycott of the so-called elections, yesterday, should serve as an eye-opener for India and the international community.|
|May01,2014||In occupied Kashmir, Indian troops in their unabated acts of state-terrorism martyred 12 Kashmiris in the last month of April.
According to the data compiled by the Research Section of Kashmir Media Service, 243 persons were injured when Indian troops and police personnel resorted to brute force and fired teargas shells and bullets against peaceful protesters while 1,898 civilians were arrested during the period. Indian paramilitary personnel destroyed 4 residential houses and disgraced 5 women in the month.
|June 21,2014||The New York-based Human Rights Watch has urged India to implement the recommendations of the United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child to improve protection for children affected by armed conflict.The Child Rights Committee made its recommendations to India public on June 19, 2014, in Geneva.
The committee expressed concern about government armed forces occupying schools in Maoist-affected areas, despite Supreme Court rulings prohibiting the practice. It said that India should “take all necessary measures to prevent the occupation and use of places with a significant presence of children, such as schools, in line with international humanitarian law, expedite the vacation of schools as appropriate and take concrete measures to ensure that cases of unlawful occupation of schools are promptly investigated, and that perpetrators are prosecuted and punished.”
Meenakshi Ganguly, South Asia Director at Human Rights Watch, in a statement posted on the website of the organization said that the Indian government should finally and fully withdraw its forces from schools.
|June 26,2014||International human rights watchdog, Amnesty International has expressed concern over the inordinate delay in investigation into all the pending cases of detained youth in occupied Kashmir.
Amnesty in a statement in New Delhi said the information provided by the office of the Inspector General of Police shows that 8,072 people have been accused in cases involving stone-pelting since 2010. Cases against mere 1,811 people have been withdrawn. AI attempts to know the fate of other 6,261 individual cases has been stonewalled by the police personnel. The human rights group feels that undue delays in investigations into detained cases are being used as a punitive measure.
The AI had documented the continued detention of juveniles under the black law Public Safety Act, despite amendments to the Act in 2012 prohibiting the detention of those less than 18 years of age. AI has reiterated its demand for the repeal of the Public Safety Act in Jammu and Kashmir.
|July 01,2014||In occupied Kashmir, Indian troops, in their continued acts of state terrorism, martyred 10 Kashmiris during the last month of June.
According to the data issued by the Research Section of Kashmir Media Service, today, one of those martyred was killed in custody. During the month, 61 people were critically injured when Indian police and paramilitary personnel used brute force against peaceful demonstrators in the occupied territory while 225 civilians, mostly youth, were arrested.
The troops also molested 3 women and destroyed 3 residential houses during the period.
|July 04,2014||In occupied Kashmir, complete shutdown was observed, today, on the occasion of Indian Prime Minister, Narendra Modi’s visit to the territory to convey a message to him that Kashmiris reject India’s illegal occupation of their homeland.
Call for the shutdown had been given by the entire Hurriyet leadership including Syed Ali Gilani, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq, Shabbir Ahmad Shah, Muhammad Yasin Malik and the High Court Bar Association.
The authorities imposed strict curfew and restrictions in Srinagar and other cities of the Valley deploying Indian troops and police personnel in strength to prevent people from holding anti-India demonstrations. Friday prayers could not be held at Srinagar’s historic Jamia Masjid and at other places due to the restrictions.
|July 29,2014||In occupied Kashmir, the authorities have placed the All Parties Hurriyet Conference Chairman, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq, and other Hurriyet leaders including Syed Ali Gilani, Maulana Abbas Ansari, Mohammad Yasin Malik, Shabbir Ahmed Shah, Mohammad Ashraf Sehraee, Nayeem Ahmed Khan, Zafar Akbar Butt, Masroor Abbas and Hilal Ahmad War under house arrest preventing them from addressing public gatherings and offering Eid prayers.|
|August04,2014||The All Parties Kashmir Coordination Council (APKCC) has condemned continued gross human rights violations committed by the Indian troops in occupied Kashmir.
The APKCC and Hurriyat leaders of AJK Chapter in a meeting at Kashmir House in Islamabad reaffirmed that Kashmiris would continue their political struggle till the achievement of right to self determination in accordance with the United Nations resolutions.
The resolution paid tributes to the people of Kashmir for observing protest strike on the occasion of Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to the occupied territory in July.The resolution said that the visit of Pakistan Prime Minister Mohammad Nawaz Sharif to Muzaffarabad on August 10 will once again send a message across the globe that Pakistan and Kashmiris are linked to each other with eternal bonds of love, brotherhood and amity.The resolution also denounced Israeli aggression and genocide of Palestinians in Gaza and asked the UN and OIC to play a decisive role to stop the unabated Zionist barbarism.
The meeting was attended by AJK Prime Minister Chaudhry Abdul Majeed. Ameer Jamaat-e- Islami AJK Abdul Rashid Turabi, Maulana Saeed Yousuf, Saghir Chughtai, Tahir Khokhar, Mahmood Ahmed Saghar,Ghulam Mohammad Safi, Rafiq Ahmad Dar and Abdul Khaliq Wasi.
|August 05,2014||The House of Commons of British parliament is going to hold a special debate on the state of human rights in Kashmir.
Calling the Kashmir issue a threat to regional and global peace, British MP David Ward informed the backbench business committee that new Indian government has been “quite aggressive in terms of its stance towards Kashmir” which was “opening up a whole new area of uncertainty”.
Ward, according to a report published in a Delhi-based newspaper, also informed the committee that he had 40 MPs backing him up through a signatory campaign who would like Westminster to hold a debate on the human rights violations in Kashmir. According to the report, though a formal date is yet to be decided, Britain’s decision to agree for a debate on Kashmir hasn’t gone down well with Friends of India.
Britain’s foreign office minister Hugo Swire has on record told the parliament earlier that “any solution should be between the two governments of India and Pakistan. We welcome progress made last September during a meeting of both prime ministers in New York. The British government does help and we have had discussions on human rights as recently as last month.” Swire had added: “This is a long-running conflict, and we stand by to help; but ultimately it can be resolved only by the two countries in question.”
|August 06,2014||The Secretary General of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), Iyad Abdullah Ameen Madni, expressing unequivocal support for the right to the self-determination of Kashmiri people, has underlined the need of a political solution to the issue in accordance with the wishes of the Kashmiris.
Speaking at a reception hosted by the Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) Prime Minister, Chaudhry Abdul Majeed at Kashmir House in Islamabad, Mr Madni emphatically stated that Kashmiris were the basic party to Kashmir dispute and they should be given right to decide their fate in accordance with the United Nations resolutions.
|August 06,2014||A UK-based child rights organization, Save the Children, has revealed that estimated population of orphans in occupied Kashmir is more than two lakhs out of which 37 percent of them are orphaned due to the armed conflict.
“An estimated population of orphans in Jammu and Kashmir both due to conflict and natural death of parents is around 2,15,000,” said Sharief Butt, state head of Save the Children during a one day workshop on ‘Children and Print Media in Jammu and Kashmir’ organized by Save the Children in Srinagar.
|August 26,2014||In the backdrop of cancellation of Foreign Secretary-level talks with Pakistan by India, the UN Secretary General, Ban Ki-moon, has asked the two countries to resolve their issues peacefully and through dialogue.
“The Secretary-General calls on both sides to solve the issues peacefully and through dialogue,” according to a statement obtained by Press Trust of India (PTI) from the office of Ban Ki Moon’s spokesperson in response to questions about the cancellation of the talks and ceasefire violations.
The statement did not respond to a question whether the UN Chief would intervene in the tense situation and encourage the leaders of the two countries to meet.
|August 28,2014||Hindu extremists beat up and injured at least 12 Kashmiri students at Swami Parmanand College in Mohali city of Indian Punjab when they were watching on television a cricket match between Pakistan and Sri Lanka.
The Kashmiri students of B-Tech told media men over phone in Srinagar that they were attacked by local students when they were watching Pakistan-Sri Lanka match on television in the college hostel.
|September 01,2014|| In occupied Kashmir, Abdul Qadeer, the Executive Director of the Voice of Victims (VoV), a local human rights forum, has said that after the lapse of 23 years the victim families of the territory yet not got justice.
Abdul Qadeer in his report in Srinagar said that as per the residents of Safa Nagri, Nelura and Pulwama Indian Border Security Force (BSF) personnel entered the three villages and fired indiscriminately on local civilian population. In this unwarranted, terrific and horrible incident 19 civilians (local residents) were killed.
|September 06,2014||In occupied Kashmir, the Chairman of All Parties Hurriyet Conference, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq, and the Chief of Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front, Muhammad Yasin Malik, have expressed profound grief and sorrow over the loss of precious lives and property due to the heavy rains and flashfloods in the territory.
Mirwaiz Umar Farooq along with other APHC leaders, today, visited flood-hit areas of Srinagar and Badgam. He expressed solidarity with the affected people and distributed relief goods among them. He urged the masses to help all their brothers and sisters who were facing difficulties due to this natural calamity. The Mirwaiz was accompanied by Agha Syed Hassan Al-Moosvi Al-Safvi, Hilal Ahmed War, Hakeem Abdur Rasheed, Shahid-ul-Islam and other leaders
|September 11,2014||Britain’s House of Commons is holding a special debate on the state of human rights in the Indian-held Kashmir, today, a move that has seriously irked India.
Calling the ongoing Kashmir issue a threat to regional and global peace, British Member of Parliament (MP) David Ward informed the Backbench Business Committee that he had 40 lawmakers backing him up through a signatory campaign who would like Westminster to hold a debate on the human rights violations in Kashmir.
|September 13,2014||The Kashmir Council European Union (KCEU) organised the annual European Union-Kashmir Week in the European Parliament in Brussels.
The week long programme on Kashmir titled ‘Kashmir and Europe: prolonging Friendship and Solidarity’ was organized by KCEU, International Council for Human Development (ICHD) and World Kashmir Diaspora Alliance (WKDA) in collaboration with some other organizations. It was aimed at raising awareness about human rights abuses in occupied Kashmir and the Kashmiris’ liberation struggle. Member European Parliament (MEP), Dr Sajjad Karim, was main host of the whole event that included a three day Exhibition of Kashmiri art, handicraft, photos and literature, an International Conference, video casting of a documentary as well as seminars and round table sessions.
|September 15 ,2014||On the eve of the historic Scottish referendum on independence, an array of organizations staged an event in support of the Scottish ‘Yes’ campaign, urging voters to take the opportunity which tens of millions across the world were so envious of.
Hosted by ‘Nations Without States’ (NwS), the event focused on the need to hold referenda in conflict zones across the world where oppressive states have sought to crush, by force, legitimate self-determination struggles by nations in their own homeland.
|September 16 ,2014||Hindu militants raided and ransacked the office of Vikram University Vice-Chancellor Jawahar Lal Kaul at Ujjain in Madhya Paradesh and was misbehaved for speaking out in favour of Kashmiri students, affected by the devastated floods. The victim is hospitalized for trauma.The Hindu militants belonging to Hindu extremist group Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) and Bajrang Dal while attacking the vice-chancellor protested the reported statement favouring flood ravaged people of Kashmiri students, DSP Vijay Kumar Dawar told reporters. About 100 Kashmiri students study in different departments of the university.|
|September26, 2014:||Prime Minister Muhammad Nawaz Sharif has urged the United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon to take steps for the peaceful settlement of Kashmir dispute, in accordance with the elevant resolutions of UN Security Council. In a meeting with Ban Ki-moon here on the sidelines of 69th UN General Assembly session, the Prime Minister pointed out that Kashmir was one of the long-standing conflicts on the agenda of Security Council.|
|September27,2014||Prime Minister, Mohammad Nawaz Sharif has stressed resolution of the Kashmir dispute for peace, security and economic uplift of the people of South Asia.
Mohammad Nawaz Sharif in his address to the UN General Assembly in New York reminded that more than six decades ago, the UN passed resolutions to hold a plebiscite in Jammu and Kashmir and Kashmiris are still waiting for fulfillment of that promise. “Many generations of Kashmiris have lived their lives under occupation, accompanied by violence and abuse of their fundamental rights. Kashmiri women, in particular, have undergone immense suffering and humiliation,” he said. He asserted that a veil could not be drawn over the core issue of Kashmir and Pakistan was ready to work for its resolution through negotiations. “Our support and advocacy of the right to self-determination of the people of Jammu and Kashmir is our historic commitment and a duty, as a party to the Kashmir dispute. The core issue of Jammu and Kashmir has to be resolved. This is the responsibility of the international community. We cannot draw a veil on the issue of Kashmir until it is addressed in accordance with the wishes of the people of Jammu and Kashmir,” Nawaz Sharif told the gathering.
The Prime Minister criticized India for canceling Foreign Secretary-level talks over bilateral issues including the Kashmir conflict. “We were disappointed at the cancellation of the foreign secretary-level talks by India. The world community, too, rightly saw it as another missed opportunity,” he stated. Nawaz Sharif said that Pakistan was convinced to remain engaged in dialogue. “Let us not ignore the dividends of peace,” he added.
|September 27,2014||The UN Secretary General, Ban Ki-moon has said that the World Body is willing to play a role if so requested by both Pakistan and India in resolving the Kashmir dispute. In a media interview in New York after his meeting with Pakistan Prime Minister, Mohammad Nawaz Sharif, Ban Ki-moon said that the good offices of the World Body would be available for the purpose. He said, “I have long expressed my hope that the issues be addressed through dialogue.”
He also expressed deepest condolences to the Kashmiri families affected by floods.
|September 28 ,2014||In occupied Kashmir, a number of people, mostly women, blocked many arterial roads in protest against the authorities’ apathy towards the sufferings of the flood-affected people of the territory.
Dozens of residents, mostly women, hailing from Maisuma and Koker Bazaar localities near Lal Chowk blocked the Budshah Bridge in protest against the failure of the authorities to dewater the areas.“Most of the houses in Maisuma have become unsafe for living and the affected people are not sure when they can start reconstruction works,” Saleema, one of the women protestors, said.
“It has been 21 days since flood water entered our areas and the authorities do not seem to be bothered,” she said.
|September 28 , 2014||The Kashmiris residing in the United States held a protest demonstration against India’s occupation over Jammu and Kashmir as Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi arrived for his first address to the UN General Assembly in New York, the other day.
A large number of Kashmiri representatives carrying anti-India and pro-freedom banners gathered outside the UN headquarters and shouted anti-India slogans.
*Raja Sajjad Latif Khan, “ An Overview of Kashmir History : 1827 to September 2014, (Muzaffarabad: Kashmir Development Organization 2014)